The Influence of National Culture on Organizational Culture in Private and Public Sector Organizations in Iraqi Kurdistan, A Cross – Sectorial Comparison
This paper examines the relationship between national culture and organizational culture in the context of private and public sector organizations in Iraqi Kurdistan. To understand the influence of national culture on organizational culture a cross-sectorial comparison has been made between both sector organizations. A discussion was built on past research and theoretical framework and it highlights some of the cultural approaches and typologies. This study also explains who are the Kurds, Kurdistan, their national culture and organizational culture perspectives. Through self-response survey questionnaires the national culture and organizational culture dimensions of some major organizations in private and public sectors in Iraqi Kurdistan were discovered. Multi-regression analyses as well as correlation coefficient tests were conducted to determine whether variables have any statistically significant relationship. Thus, national culture variable was regressed on organizational culture variable in both sectors independently. The results from analyses indicated that there is a significant relationship between national culture and organizational culture in Iraqi Kurdistan. The analysis also showed that national culture impacts organizational culture in private sector whereas, no effect or weak correlation were seen in public sector organizations. Organizations in general and public sector in particular were dominated by hierarchy culture followed by clan culture. But the dominated culture in private sector organizations was hierarchy culture followed by market culture. The findings also demonstrated that there is a negative relationship between demographic variable and organizational culture. A conceptual figure was proposed and some recommendations were suggested
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