The Aspects and Reasons of Women Sexual Harassments A Field Study of Erbil City

Main Article Content

Shnow Khalil Hassan

Keywords

Kurdish community, phenomena, Women Sexual, Field Study of Erbil City

Abstract

One of the negative social phenomena that the Kurdish community faces is harassing women. Harassment in this study means any act or speech with sexual connotation, practiced by men  and not liked by women, which violates the privacy, body or the feelings of women, and leads to women’s feeling of insecurity, discomfort or disrespect.


The aims of the study can be summed up as follows:



  • identifying the aspects and kinds of the sexual harassment in the Kurdish community, and spotting the places or locations where harassment occurs.

  • Recognizing the methods and the mechanisms of dealing with this phenomenon in the Kurdish community.

  • Naming the laws and penalties of harassment, if found, in the special penal law of the Iraqi Kurdistan.

  • Identifying the reasons behind the phenomenon.


The method used in this study is Case Study Methodology. The sample of the study is the Purposive Sample, using different tools to collect the data, like observation and interview. The study has come up with some findings as follows:



  • The individuals of the sample most have emphasized that the habits and the traditions of the society are the main reason behind this phenomenon. They believe that harassment is an act of violence against women. It doesn’t necessarily stem from sexual desires, but it may stem from men’s motive of authoritarianism or the desire to humiliate women.

  • Many studies have proved that a major reason behind harassment is men’s feeling of certainty that they will not be punished for their act, because of the weakness of the laws that incriminate this act.

  • One of the reasons is also women’s fear of the scandal and disgrace of their reputation, because she is the one who is accused in the first place.

Abstract 181 | PDF Downloads 136

References

1- خؤشناو، سردار عزيز(2010)، قانون العقوبات العراقي رقم 111 لسنة 1969- مؤشر فيه جميع التعديلات النافذة في أقليم كوردستان العراق، مطبعة منارة، أربيل.
2- محمد، محمود فتحي(2010)، العوامل المؤدية الى ظاهرة التحرش الجنسي ودور الخدمة الإجتماعية في التعامل معها، جامعة الفيوم، الفيوم.
3- بني جابر، جودة(2004)، علم النفس الإجتماعي، ط1، دار الثقافة للنشر و التوزيع، عمان.
4- عبدالرزاق، د.أحمد حسين وآخرون(2008)، مناهج البحث في الخدمة الإجتماعية –النظرية والتطبيق، الدار العلمية للطباعة، بدمنهور.
5- الحسن، د. إحسان محمد، و الحسنى، د. عبدالمنعم(1982)، طرق البحث الإجتماعي، دار الكتب للطباعة والنشر، جامعة الموصل.
6- الزيباري، د. طاهر حسو(2011)، أساليب البحث العلمي في علم الإجتماع، ط1، مجد المؤسسة الجامعية للدراسات والنشر و التوزيع، بيروت- لبنان.
ثانياً: المصادر الأجنبية
1- Baugh z. masti(1997), On the persis tence of sexual harassment in the work place, journalist of business ethics , Vol( 16) ,p.899.
2- kiely z. ,henbest(2000), sexual harassment at work: experiences from in oil refinery, women in management review, vol (15) no(2),pp.65-66.
3-Nicole T. Buchanan(2008), Subset comparison between sexual harassment black women and white military rank ,psychology of women qudrterly, Washington,p378
4-Francfort. Chava & Nachmias. David( 2005), Research Methods in Social Sciences, Hodder-Arnold, London, the 5th ed.
5- John. F, Till(2009), Sexual Harassment, Areport on the sexual Harassment of students ,Washington,DC:Wational Advisory Council on women s Educational Programs,pp 78-83