Main Article Content
Social, Deixis, Relative Social Deixis, Absolute Social Deixis
This research was aimed to find out the types of social deixis which mostly occur in (twelfth Night) by Shakespeare. It was conducted by using qualitative method .There were several steps in collecting data namely reading the play, identifying, taking notes, and classifying. Furthermore, the researchers analyzed and explained the data by using Levinson‟s theory and counted the data to find out the type of social deixis which mostly occur in the play. Based on the analysis of the data, there were two types of social deixis : Relational and Absolute. The relational social deictic words that have been used in the play are (classified )classified into Five kinds , namely kinship terms, Occupational titles, personal names ,T/V pronoun and terms of endearment, with the total number of their frequencies , while one kind of Absolute deixis that is authorized recipient used in the play.
Coleman, J., 1999. Love, Sex, and Marriage: A Historical Thesaurus. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Craig, J., 1869. The Universal English Dictionary. London: G. Routledge and Sons.
Crockett, L., 2006. Speaking the Speeche. New Jersey: Historical Resources.
Crysta, D., 2014. Words in Time and Place: Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford : Oxford Unversity Press.
Crystal, D., 2008. Think on My Words: Exploring Shakespeare's Language. Cambridge: Cambridge Universty Press..
Dunkling, L., 1990. A Dictionary of Epithets and Terms of Address. London and New york: Routledge.
Findlay, A., 2010. Women in Shakespeare: A Dictionary. Lodon: Continuum international Publishing Group.
Filmore, C., 1971. Towards a Theory of Deixis.The PCCLLU papers. Honolulu: University of Hawaii.
Folks, J., 2013. Like a Tree: A Collection of Inspirational Articles, Volume 3. USA: Xlibris.
Hedican, E., 2012. Social Anthropology: Canadian Perspectives on Culture and Society. Toranto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc.
Jaszczolt, k., 2002. Semantics and Pragmatics: Meaning in Language and Discourse. London: longman
Johnson, K., 2013. Shakespeare's English: A Practical Linguistic Guide. Oxford: Pearson Education Limited.
Leech, G., 2014. The Pragmatics of Politeness. New York: Oxford Unversity Press.
Levinson, S.C., 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mazzom, G., 2000. Social Relations and Forms of Address in The Canterbury Tales. in: D., Kastovsky and A., Mettinger,eds.,The History of English in a Social Context: A Contribution to Historical Sociolinguistics. New York: Mounton De Gruyter.
Palmatier, R., 2000. Food: A Dictionary of Literal and Nonliteral Terms. London: Greenwood Press.
Raumolin-Bruberg, H., 1996. Forms of Addrees in Early English Correspondence. in:T., Nevalainen and H., Raumolin-Brunberg, eds., Sociolinguistics and Language History: Studies Based on the Corpus of Early English Correspondence. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Stevenson, A.a.W.M.e., 2011. Concise Oxford English Dictionary: Luxury Edition, 12th ed. New York: Oxford Unversity Press.