The U.S.A. Attitude to the First Gulf War 1980-1988

  • Karwan Salh Wasi Faculty of Human Sciences - History Department / University of Zakho
Keywords: The Reagan Administration foreign policy, The United Nations, Middle East, Peace Process, Iran, Iran ?and Kurds?


This research attempts to shed light on the foreign policy of Ronald Reagan administration during the first Gulf war and after events 1981- 1989. This study concentrates on using a number of documents, reports and articles, which are depicts many clandestine aspects of the Reagan administration foreign policy toward the Middle East. This article presents the Reagan administration Middle East policy also its position as the merely superpower. The Reagan administration effectively worked for the democracy, equality, peace and stability of the Middle East through backing the freedom militias. The first Gulf war made Reagan administration to alter its foreign policy toward the Middle East rationally. There was not a power to challenge the shadow of the superpower foreign policy and cooperated with the capable power in the region, US had capability to construct its military bases during Iraq-Iran war for aiding; sharing democracy likewise fulfilled the operation staunch and Iran-contra affairs in the eight years’ war of Iran-Iraq as well as supported the peace process developments. The US increased its contribution in the Middle East to protect the region and its interests also bring the stability to it. Hence, after obtaining its force’s position through contributing of democracy and taking opportunity door for the peace process. The unipolar world brought changes into the strategy of US foreign policy and allowed her to escalate its military participation in order to obtain its foreign policy initial achievements. 

                This article is being divided into an introductory, background, three sections and findings. The introduction of this article clarifies the political developments in the region further the US foreign policy.  In its endeavors, the background of study clears up the Reagan administration and its attitude to the political advancement in the Middle East.  Additionally, to get a massive picture of the Reagan administration policy aims in the Middle East, the first section of this article depicts the Reagan doctrine and its principally objectives in the area. The second section of this article presents the Reagan administration policy toward Lebanon the political and military developments in this country and US attitude to it. The third section of this study illustrates the Reagan administration policy towards during the Iran-Iraq war, its efforts and attempts to bring stability and realized


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How to Cite
Wasi K. The U.S.A. Attitude to the First Gulf War 1980-1988. JAHS [Internet]. 20Apr.2019 [cited 20Sep.2020];23(2):191 -24. Available from: