A Comparative Study of Diminutive Forms in English and Kurdish

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Hamza Othman Muho


English, Kurdish, diminutive, affixation, languages


      Knowing a language  means  knowing the morphemes of that language, which are the elemental units that constitute words of that language .Diminutives  occur throughout the world’s languages, more often  in oral to represent  typically smallness, slightness ,affection intimacy, endearment and even derogation.  Diminutives are mainly formed by attaching suffixes to a base. It is hypothesized that speakers and users are dissimilar in using their diminutives in their daily chit-chats owing to their age ,gender, culture ,and occupation . Accordingly, they face difficulty in forming diminutives since they are under the impact of various borrowing suffixes found in English .Thus ,one expects that this study will be rather  beneficial for their users depending on specific interplay of linguistic and situational factors found in  a given contexts of  both languages .This paper deals with the diminutive forms in English  and Kurdish as far as form , morphological process and parts of speech  are concerned . It also sheds some light on  the meanings of these forms in both languages when necessary . It has been  observed that the two languages are similar  to some extent concerning the class forms and meanings of such forms  since both  are related to Indo-European  languages .  Basically, both languages  use suffixation and prefixation in the process of noun  formation.  However ,we ( as  native speakers ) expect that  Kurdish diminutive suffixes are greater  in number if compared to English since  English  is a‘ diminutive-poor’ language  , i. e. the character of diminutives in the English language is a subject of  an ongoing debate since the Standard English  has a very limited number  of diminutives  in comparison with  other  languages , German , Italian , or the Slavic languages  , while some are liable to contribute  to the opinion that the English language  does not possess diminutives at all .   

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