Congratulation and its Strategies in the Kurdish Language

  • Sherzad Sabri Ali Department of Kurdish Language - College of Basic education / Duhok University
  • Ayad Fayzallah Othman Department of Kurdish Language - College of Basic education / Duhok University
Keywords: Congratulation, speech act, strategies, Elwood’s model


Congratulation is part of the study of pragmatics, because it is a speech act. The current study attempts to examine strategies of congratulation in some selected situations in the Kurdish language. This study, entitled ‘Congratulation and its Strategies in the Kurdish Language’, has adopted a pragmatic analysis of the congratulation speech act. Statistical formulae have been applied in order to discover the rate of usage of every strategy employed in congratulation. The present study has followed Elwood’s model in analyzing these strategies of congratulation in the Kurdish language. The main purpose of the study is to clarify the strategies of congratulation used in particular situations, and the rate of their usage in the Kurdish. The study is divided into two parts. The first section contains a general definition and overview of the types of the congratulation; pragmatics and congratulation, and Kurds and the strategy of congratulation. The second part is devoted to the strategies of congratulation used in the Kurdish language.


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How to Cite
Ali S, Othman A. Congratulation and its Strategies in the Kurdish Language. JAHS [Internet]. 19Sep.2019 [cited 13Aug.2020];23(4):120 -137. Available from: