Figures of Speech in Cognitive Semantics

  • Nabaz Ismael Hamad Department of English - College of languages / Salahaddin University-Erbil
  • Suhayla Hameed Majeed Department of English - College of languages / Salahaddin University-Erbil
  • Wirya Ezzaddin Ali Department of English - College of languages / Salahaddin University-Erbil
Keywords: cognitive, mental spaces, meaning construction and dramatic discourse

Abstract

This study is an attempt to investigate a range of figures of speech by taking a series of examples of from Shaw’s ‘Man and Superman’ to be analysed under cognitive semantic theory of Mental Spaces. The study aims to provide a counter argument that dramatic language can equally be examined with reference to linguistic structures just like everyday language. The study also makes the counter claim that the figures of speech do have value outside literature, as they are not only literary tools in literature, but they are primarily linguistic tools for meaning construction. It is realised that these devices are expanded from their linguistic function to also fulfill the literary ones. This is because these literary devices enable the language users to firstly conceptually construct meaning in mind via spaces creation and connection that comprise information as their elements, and then these information realised in words in communication.

References

- Braiman, J., 2007. Literary Devices. Retrieved from http://www.jbraiman.com/mrbraiman/lit.htm
- Croft, William., & Cruse, D. Alan .2004. Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Fauconnier, G .1985. Mental Spaces, 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
- Fauconnier, G .1994. Mental Spaces, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
- Fauconnier, G .1997. Mappings in Thought and Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Foss, S .2004. Rhetorical Tradition: Exploration and Practice. Long Grove III: Wayland Press.
- Holyoak, Keith & Thagards, Paul .1995. Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought. Unpublished MA thesis. Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages. MIT. Cambridge, MA.
- Lakoff, G & Johnson, M .1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Lakoff, G .1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.
- Langacker, Ronald W. 1993. Reference-point constructions. Cognitive Linguistics 4(1), 1-38.
- Moulthrop, Stuart .1991. Reading from the map: Metonymy and metaphor in the fiction of "Forking Paths". In P. Delany and G.P. Landow (ed.), Hypermedia and Literary Studies. MIT Press. Cambridge. 119-132.
- Murfin, Ross; Ray, Supryia M .2003. The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms (2nd ed.). Bedford/St. Martins.
- Pavis, S .1998. Dictionary of the Theatre: Terms, Concepts, and Analysis. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.
- Pollack, J .2012. The Pun Also Rises: How the Humble Pun Revolutionized Language, Changed History, and Made Wordplay More Than Some Antics. The USA: Penguin Group.
- Ross, Josef F .1970. Analogy and The Resolution of Some Cognitivity Problems. The Journal of Philosophy 67 (20): 725–746.
- Ross, Josef F .1982. Portraying Analogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Shen, Y .2007. Foregrounding in poetic discourse: between deviation and cognitive constraints. Language and Literature 16(2): 169-181.
- Van Peer, Willie. & Jèmeljan, Hakemulder .2006. Foregrounding. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. 546-51.
Published
2019-09-19
How to Cite
1.
Hamad N, Majeed S, Ali W. Figures of Speech in Cognitive Semantics. JAHS [Internet]. 19Sep.2019 [cited 10Dec.2019];23(4):245 -260. Available from: http://zancojournals.su.edu.krd/index.php/JAHS/article/view/2809
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)