Religious Arbitration and its Impact on Community Coexistence -An Analytical Study-

  • Sherzad Azeez Sulaiman College of Islamic Sciences - Department of Sharia / Salahaddin University-Erbil
Keywords: Religious Arbitration, Community Coexistence, Conflicts, Law, Diversity


                    This research highlights a vital subject for the people in a multicultural society; you may find the followers of religions in a state of duplication between the legal rules on the one hand and religious norms on the other. Which in consequence leads to the emergence of legal-religious problems that affect the social situation of individuals as well, you may find someone resolved his conflict in the secular courts of the State, but he faces the religious aspect of the incidence of sin (haraam or gunah) within his religious community because of the lack of religious conditions for that situation. Therefore, the research aims at: finding compromises that lead to the elimination of this duplication through the adoption of mechanisms of religious arbitration in resolving legal disputes, and the statement of the position of Iraqi law and comparative laws of religious arbitration based on the rules of private law. As well as clarifying the positive effects of applying the idea of ​​religious arbitration upon the communal coexistence. 


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ثالثا: القوانين والقرارات القضائية:
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رابعا: القوانين والقرارات القضائية الأجنبية:
10- Civil Code Québec (1991).
11- Arbitration Act (1996) , c. 23, § 1(a)–(b) (U.K.) (restating and improving the laws pursuant to an arbitration agreement).
12- The Federal Arbitration Act (USA) Title 9, US Code, Section 1-14, was first enacted February 12, (1925) (43 Stat. 883), codified July 30, 1947 (61 Stat. 669), and amended September 3, 1954 (68 Stat. 1233). Chapter 2 was added July 31, 1970 (84 Stat. 692), two new Sections were passed by the Congress in October of 1988 and renumbered on December 1, 1990 (PLs 669 and 702); Chapter 3 was added on August 15, 1990 (PL 101-369); and Section 10 was amended on November 15.
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21- Prescott v. Northlake Christian School United States District Court (2004), E.D. Louisiana Oct 29, 2004 Civil Action No: 01-475, Section: "J" (2). (E.D. La. Oct. 29, 2004).
How to Cite
Sulaiman S. Religious Arbitration and its Impact on Community Coexistence -An Analytical Study-. JAHS [Internet]. 5Dec.2019 [cited 12Jul.2020];23(6):78 -99. Available from: