Chinese Immigrants in the U.S.: A Study of Sui Sin Far's Selected Short Stories

Truska Muhamad Alaadin


In the mid-nineteenth century, migration to the United States was increasing. American expansionism towards Asia was supposed to bring civilization to the "yellow race". In the beginning, the Chinese were welcomed in California, but the political climate changed soon. The Chinese were no longer welcomed in California. They suffered long from the prejudices.  This research deals withSui Sin Far'sbiography, whose writing is highly influenced by her personal experience, the social and historical background of Chinese immigrants in the United States of America followed by thedefinition of the concept of otherness which will be applied to Sui Sin Far's stories, the Americanizing of Pau Tsu, The Inferior Woman and Mrs. Spring Fragrance.

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Primary Literature

Sui Sin Far. Mrs Spring Fragrance and Other Writing. Ed. Amy Ling and Annette White- Parks. Urbana and Chicago: U of Illinois P, 1995.

Sui Sin Far Mrs Spring Fragrance. Ed.A. C. McCLURG & CO. Norwood Mass, 1912.

Secondary Literature

Ammons, E. Conflicting Stories:American Women Writers at the Turn into the Twentieth Century. New York and Oxford: oxford U. P., 1991.

Gabler Gisela Brinker. Encountering the other(s) studies in Literature, history, and Culture.State University of New York, 1995.

Jirousek, L. “Spectacle Ethnography and Immigrant Ressistance: Sui Sin Far and Anzia Yezierska”. Melus, Vo.27, 2002, 25-46

Kingston, Maxine Hong. China Men. New York: Vintage,1997

Takaki, Ronald. A different Mirror:A HISTORY OF Multicultural America. Boston: little and Brown, 1993.

White- Parks, A. “A Reversal of American Concepts of ‘Otherness’ in the Fiction of Sui Sin Far”, Melus,Vo.20, 1995, 17- 31.

Yin Xiaohaung. Chinese American Literature since the 1850s, Urbana and Chicago: U. of Illinois Press, 2000.


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