Epidemicity of Thyroid Gland Disorders Among Ranya Town Dwellers: A Hospital-Based Survey
The current survey was conducted to determine the endemicity of thyroid dysfunctions between Ranya town residents, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. This survey, which covered the period of July 2015 to July 2016, relied on performing thyroid function tests of 2013 cases referred to the central clinical laboratory. The sera of suspected thyroid disorder patients were checked serologically for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroxine (T4) and total tri-iodothyronine (T3). Moreover, the association of age and gender with thyroid disorder occurrence was emphasized. The results revealed that out of 2013 cases, 1584 (78.69%), 153 (7.6%), 121 (6.01%), 85 (4.22) and 70 (3.48%) had suffered from euthyroid, sub-clinical hyperthyroidism, sub-clinical hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism respectively. On the other hand, the analysis of procured data demonstrated that sub-clinical hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism were escalated with the advancement of age and also females had a greater susceptibility in each age group. Additionally, the prevalence of sub-clinical hypothyroidism cases were decreased in both sexes with the advancing age within each group and the recorded percentage rate of female affections was greater as compared to males. The total affection rate of thyroid gland disorders was estimated as 21.31%. Ultimately, sub-clinical hyperthyroidism was most common among other thyroid disorders and females had a higher incidence of thyroid dysfunctions as compared to males.
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