Efficiency of different coloured pan traps for collecting flower visiting insects from floricultural plants in Erbil province-Kurdistan region - Iraq.

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Srwa M. Khalil
Adil H. Amin
Karzan S. Ahmad


floriculture, pollinators, flower visiting insects.


The abundance of flowervisiting insects from floricultural plantswere investigated at two different sites within Erbil Province- Kurdistan region-Iraq using four different colored pan traps (yellow, white, blue and red). Five insect orders were reported with sixteen insect families. The order Hymenoptera was the most abundant insect order recovered followed by the orders Coleoptera, Diptera, Homoptera and Orthoptera respectively. The color of pant trap affected the abundance of flower visiting insects at both study sites mainly the family Apidae. The highest number of flower visiting insects was observed in yellow traps followed bywhite, blue and red traps respectively suggesting that the majority of flower visiting insects are attracted to yellow pan traps which could be an effective method for sampling and monitoring flower visiting insects mainly Apidaeinthis type of habitat. 

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