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Ansam S. Ali
Lana A. Ali


Nishteman Square, Successful Square, Quality of social life factors, and square design factors


Nowadays there is an increasing understanding to the importance of the public open space and to the green open spaces infrastructure, which works on providing vital environmental services for the users, so it considered as the main attraction point in every city.

 One of these significant spaces is; Public squares which functions as one of the most important open spaces where people can have exhibited many activities and events in the city.   For that, the ‘life’ of squares evolves and changes according to the contemporary demands of its users and their city cause ,each square has its own characteristics that identified it from other ones due to its relation with the local culture identity, all that have to connect strongly within the evolution of Neshteman Square, this study aims to analyses and explained the most important diversity factors that could effect on the usability of these spaces, how its designs effect the accommodation (to stay) of these spaces within people, for that the study employs spatial analysis to show the assessment of the square’s physical design characteristics with people’s different activities, which effect the social side of the users. This study will focus on one of the important spaces in Erbil city due to its location to one of the most important icons in our city (the Citadel), this will give the square a special identity and relative design factors should be respected.

 The findings reveal that square in order to be a successful open space it have to work on applying diversity of service that have a great impact on attracting people in it and use at all the day, safety within a good looking landscaping and daily maintenance defiantly will give the impression to people to stay, helping in that the diversity of function and services surrounding the square edge will give a very high level of vitality to both the square itself as well as the people in this important  liveliness space.

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