Erysimum amasianum Hausskn. & Bornm. (Brassicaceae) as a New Record for Flora of Iraq

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Abdullah Shakur Sardar

Keywords

Erysimum amasianum Brassicaceae New record Flora of Iraq.

Abstract

Erysimum amasianum Hausskn. & Bornm. regards as a new plant species for the Flora of Iraq within Brassicaceae family, found in Safin mountain (north-east of Erbil) in Rowanduz district (MRO). The characteristics of E. amasianum are the followings: Biennial plants; 2-fid hairy; leaves entire (or dentate, pinnatifid in some basal leaves), linear-oblanceolate (cultrate in lower cauline leaves, linear in upper cauline leaves); pedicel thickened, fruit a siliqua, terete, rigid, erect-spreading. The identification of the species was proved by applying the keys in the available references, morphological description was fixed. Pollen grains characters have been studied like shape, color, size, surface ornamentation and number. In addition, the features of the stem anatomy such as epidermis, cortex, vascular bundles and the pith have been examined

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