Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Chickpea and Wild mustard as Influenced by Intercropping in Different Row Proportions

  • Aryan Suad Ahmad Department of Field Crops, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Sami Mohammad Amin Maaroof Department of Field Crops, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Intercropping, Growth, Yield Components, Relative yield, Row: Species Ratio.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Grdarasha Experimental Farm / College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences / Salahaddin University – Erbil, located at (36.2o N, 44.1o E and elevation 470 m) during the winter season of (2016-2017) to study the performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis L.) in intercropping. Seven treatments were initialized from combination of either single, double or triple (row: species) were arranged in a standard replacement series. Aiming to study growth, yield and yield component of wheat (A), chickpea (B) in the presence of the invading wild mustard weed (C), which is the common invader weed in the area. Wheat species possessed the highest significant mean values of plant height (123.0 cm), spike length (13.9 cm), grain yield (182.0 g plant-1), straw yield (752.5 g plant-1), while wild mustard showed superiority all studied traits except in silique length and grain number. silique-1.

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Published
2020-02-25
How to Cite
Ahmad, A. and Amin Maaroof, S. M. (2020) “Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Chickpea and Wild mustard as Influenced by Intercropping in Different Row Proportions”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 32(1), pp. 115-126. doi: 10.21271/zjpas.32.1.13.
Section
Agricultural and Environmental Researches