Seismic Behavior Analysis Considering Soil Structure Interaction of RC Multistory Buildings in Halabja City

  • Hunar Farid Hama Ali Department of Building and Construction, College of Engineering, University of Halabja, Halabja, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Rabar H. Faraj Department of Building and Construction, College of Engineering, University of Halabja, Halabja, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Kamaran Mohammed Kareem Department of Building and Construction, College of Engineering, University of Halabja, Halabja, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Soil types, Soil structure interaction, Multistory building, Equivalent static method, Dynamic response spectrum analysis, seismic analysis


Response of structures to seismic loads measures the degree of safety of the structures. In order for buildings to be under a more realistic circumstance, it is essential to consider the effect of Soil – Structure – Interaction (SSI) in the analysis of the building subjected to seismic loads. In this study, three samples of typical buildings with six, eight and ten stories are chosen with and without the effect of SSI using both equivalent static method and dynamic response spectrum analysis. For each method, the five different soil categories (SA, SB, SC, SD, SE) are examined to illustrate the effect of the foundation soil on the buildings subjected to a seismic load. The results show that no modifications can be observed in rock foundations with or without the consideration of SSI. On the contrary, the effect on SSI can increase the displacement in low stiffness soils particularly soil type (SE). Similarly the natural time period of the buildings increase significantly with decreasing the soil stiffness. 


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How to Cite
Ali, H., H. Faraj, R. and Mohammed Kareem, K. (2019) “Seismic Behavior Analysis Considering Soil Structure Interaction of RC Multistory Buildings in Halabja City”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 31(s3), pp. 52-60. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.31.s3.8.