Comparative Analysis of Different Disinfection Techniques Performances in Drinking Water Treatment Plant Using a Process Simulation Software

  • Bakhtyar Ahmed Mala Department of Geomatics, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Dleen Mohammed Salih Department of Geomatics, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Haval Abdul-Jabbar Sadeq Department of Geomatics, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanning; Documentation; National heritage; Photogrammetry; 3D models

Abstract

Historical building heritages have the greatest role to recognize each nation in the world. It is very important to save these identities from natural and artificial disasters. Digital documentation is the best method that has been used worldwide for this purpose. Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) are used frequently in documentation of national heritage, because the system allows fast and reliable collection of thousands of 3D points. However, the scanner could not scan the surface of the object completely, especially in the case of high-altitude building and complex object. In this study the integration of terrestrial laser scanning and digital photogrammetry is used to manage the areas that cannot be measured with TLS. Three archeological buildings, that is located in Erbil Citadel, have been selected for the study. The obtained 3D models have been assessed by measuring points for the field. Assessment of the results showed to be within internationalstandards.

References

ALSHAWABKEH, Y. & HAALA, N. 2004. Iitegration of Digital Photogrammetry and Laser Scanning for
Heritage Documentation.
BARBER, D. M. 2003. Terrestrial laser scanning for the metric survey of cultural heritage structures. Thesis
submitted to the Newcastle University.
BEHROUZI, A. A. & LI, R. 2012. Instruction Manual: Photogrammetry as a Non-Contact Measurement
System in Large Scale Structural Testing.
BUCKLEY, S. J., HOWELL, J. A., ENGE, H. D., LEREN, B. L. S. & KURZ, T. H. 2007. Integration of
Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Digital Photogrammetry and Geostatistical Methods for High Resolution
Modelling of Geological Outcrops. Commission V, WG III.
CYCLONE, L. 2009. Technical Specification. [Online]. Available: www.leica-geosystems.com [Accessed 10
May 2016].
ESCARCENA, A. C., CASTRO, E. M. D., GARCÍA, J. L. P., CALVACHE, A. M., CASTILLO, T. F. D.,
GARCÍA, J. D. & CASTILLO, M. U. C. Y. J. C. 2011. Integration of photogrammetric and terrestrial
laser scanning techniques for heritage documentation. Virtual Archaeology Review (VAR), 2, 53-57.
HARVEY, B. R. 2004. Registration and Transformation of Multiple Site Terrestrial Laser Scanning. 80, 33-
50.
IOANNIDIS, C. & TSAKIRI, M. 2003. Laser Scanning and Photogrammetry for the Documentation of a Large
Statue - Experiences in the Combined Use.
MIAO, X. & TAO, J. 2011. Research and application of three-dimensional modeling based on Photomodeler
Scanner. 608-612.
P.RÖNNHOLM, E.HONKAVAARA, P.LITKEY, H.HYYPPÄ & J.HYYPPÄ 2007. Integration of Laser
Scanning and Photogrammetry. IAPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial
Information Sciences, XXXVI, Part 3 / W52,.
RESHETYUK, Y. 2009. Self-calibration and direct georeferencing in terrestrial laser scanning. PHD thesis,
Department of Transport and Economics, Division of Geodesy, 100 44 Stockholm.
UNESCO. 2014. Iraq-business news [Online]. Available: http://www.iraq-businessnews.com/ [Accessed 10
august 2016].
YASTIKLI & NACI 2007. Documentation of cultural heritage using digital photogrammetry and laser
scanning. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 8, 423-427.
ZHU, L., HYYPPÄ, J., HYYPPÄ, H., RUIZHI & CHEN 2015. Vehicle-based laser scanning data quality
improvement by integrating photogrammetric means.
Published
2019-08-09
How to Cite
Ahmed Mala, B., D. Mohammed Salih, and H. Abdul-Jabbar Sadeq. “Comparative Analysis of Different Disinfection Techniques Performances in Drinking Water Treatment Plant Using a Process Simulation Software”. ZANCO Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vol. 31, no. s3, Aug. 2019, pp. 168-75, doi:10.21271/ZJPAS.31.s3.23.