Effect of Changed family size and composition on determining the optimum size of neighborhoods in Kurdistan Region
Neighbourhoods form the basic elements in residential areas in settlements, as they are the place where main and most essential services exist to serve the residents settled in form of families or individuals. Theories and housing planning practices based the determination of size of neighbourhoods on many factors; size and composition of population with their proportion to land are the main ones. The basic services are the outcomes of those factors; all services are restricted to the number and type of users with the ability to reach those services by walking within recommended distances.
Primary schools are the most determinant and sensitive one due to user delicate age group. Iraqi optimum size of neighbourhoods in housing standards issued in 1980’s had been derived from specific number of population dependent on family compositions; after more than 30 years of noticeable demographic change, a clear need is emphasized to readjust those figures due to family and population changes that will re-establish the optimum size of our neighbourhood.
The method of current study is based on focusing on current and near future population changes especially for those age groups determining the optimum size of primary schools composing the nuclei of the neighbourhood. This technique will guarantee the best synchronization between resident’s needs linked to proposing optimum neighbourhood sizes dependent on school sizes especially primary level, at the same dwelling re-subdivision worked as a counter force to decreased portion of age groups enrolling schools. The study achieved optimum sizes of neighbourhoods for the next 10 - 25 years determined by primary schools based on new demographic indicators..
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