Comparative Study of the Flexural Strength and Impact Strength properties Between Two Types of the Ternary Polymer Blends

  • Sihama Issa Salih Materials Engineering Department University of Technology Baghdad-Iraq
  • Wafaa Mahdi Salih Materials Engineering Department University of Technology Baghdad-Iraq
  • Teeb Adnan Mohameed Organization for Standardization and Quality Control Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: Ternary polymer blends; (PP-G-MA); UHMWPE; PMMA


Compatibility is one of the major problems which effect on the characteristics of polymer blends. Therefore, in the current search Polypropylene Grafted Maleic Anhydride (PP-g-MA) was used to improved compatibility between the components of the binary polymer blends. So, two sets of ternary polymeric blends were prepared by melt-mixing method using double-screw extruder. The first group is containing on (polypropylene (PP): 1% (PP-g-MA): X% polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), the second group consists of (PP: 1%(PP-g-MA): ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)). The blends, containing between 5 to 20% ratios of a third material (PMMA or UHMWPE) and 1% of compatibilizer material (PP-g-MA). Investigation the bending strength and impact strength was done for the prepared specimens. Study shown that, the polymer blends (PP: 1 %(PP-g-MA): X% PMMA) gained the higher properties in flexural strength, whereas the polymer blends (PP: 1% (PP-g-MA): X% UHMWPE) have got the higher values in impact strength and fracture toughness. 


[1] L. Robeson. “Historical Perspective of Advances in the Science and Technology of Polymer Blends”, Polymers, Vol. 6, pp.1251-1265, 2014.

[2] J. Li, R.A. Shanks & Y. Long “Miscibility and Crystallization of Polypropylene-Linear Low Density Polyethylene Blends,” Polymer, 42, 5, 1941-1951, 2001.

[3]. Banalia K, Aicha S (2012) Properties of polypropylene/polyamide nanocomposites prepared by melt processing with a PP-g-MAH compatibilizer. Mater Des 34:313–318

[4]. Sihama E S, Abdullkhaliq F H and Alyaa H A 2013 Modern Applied Science Vol. 7 pp 33-42.
[5] M.F. Diop, W.R. Burghardt and J.M. Torkelson, “Well-Mixed Blends of HDPE and Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene with Major Improvements in Impact Strength Achieved via Solid-State Shear Pulverization,” Polymer, Vol. 55, pp. 4948-4958, 2014.

[6] S.E. Salih, J.K. Oleiwi and R.A. Abdle Ameer, “Comparing Effect of Adding LDPE, PP, PMMA on the Mechanical Properties of Polystyrene (PS),” Engineering and Technology Journal, Vol. 33, Part A, No. 6, 2015.
[7] Sihama I. Salih, Jawad Kadhim Oleiwi and Sajid Abd Alkhidhir, ‘‘Investigation of Flexural Strength and Impact Strength of Binary Polymer Blends Fabricated by Friction Stir Processing’’, Journal of University of Babylon, Engineering Sciences, Vol. (26), No. (5): 2018.
[8] S. I Salih, A R Jabur and TA Mohammed, “The Effect of PVP Addition on the Mechanical Properties of Ternary Polymer Blends” 2nd International Conference on Engineering Sciences, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 433 (2018) 012071.

[9] Annual Book of ASTM Standard 2003 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials D 790-03, PP. 1-11.

[10] Annual Book of ISO Standard 2006 Standard Test Method for UnnotchedIzod Impact Testing of Plastics ISO-180 PP 1-2

[11]. Melissa R. Junga, F. David Horgen, Sara V. Orski, Viviana Rodriguez C., Kathryn L. Beers, George H. Balazs, T. Todd Jones, Thierry M. Work, Kayla C. Brignac, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, K. David Hyrenbach, Brenda A. Jensen, Jennifer M. Lynch, “Validation of ATR FT-IR to identify polymers of plastic marine debris, including those ingested by marine organisms”, Marine Pollution Bulletin 127 (2018) PP 704–716

[12]. Sihama I. Al-Shalchy, Kadhum M. Shabeeb, Rula F. Hasan and Ammar Mousa Hasan, “Development some desired properties of polymer blend (PVC-PP) by adding EPDM and ABS as a modifiers polymeric materials for using in the medical applications,” The Iraqi Journal For Mechanical And Material Engineering, Special Volume Babylon First International Engineering Conference Issue (B) 2016 pp 214-228.

[13]. Muhamad Rasyidi Husin, Agus Arsad*, , Siti Samahani Suradi, Othman Alothman, Norzita Ngadi, Mohd Johari Kamaruddin, “Fourier Transforms Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction Investigation of Recycled Polypropylene/ Polyaniline Blends”, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 56, (2017) pp1015- 1020 DOI: 10.3303/CET1756170.

[14]. S.I. Salih, A.M. Al.gabban and A.H. Abdalsalam, “Preparation and Characterization of PMMA-HDPE and HDPE-PMMA Binary Polymer Blends,” Engineering and Technology Journal, Vol. 35, Part A. No. 4, pp. 311-317, 2017.
[15]. Oromiehie A., Ebadi-Dehaghani H., and Mirbagheri S. “Chemical Modification of Polypropylene by Maleic Anhydride: Melt Grafting, Characterization and Mechanism”, International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications, Vol. 5, No. 2, April 2014 PP 117-122
[16]. Sihama Issa Salih, Jawad Kadhim Oleiwi and Arkan Saad Mohamed, Investigation of mechanical properties of PMMA composite reinforced with different types of natural powders”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, VOL. 13, NO. 22, NOVEMBER 2018 pp 8889-8900.
[17]. William D. Callister, Jr. and David G. Rethwisch, “Materials Science and Engineering” John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Eighth Edition 2010.
[18]. Jia-Horng Lin, Yi-Jun Pan, Chi-Fan Liu, Chien-Lin Huang, Chien-Teng Hsieh, Chih-Kuang Chen, Zheng-Ian Lin and Ching-Wen Lou, “Preparation and Compatibility Evaluation of Polypropylene/High Density Polyethylene Polyblends”, Materials 2015, 8, pp 8850–8859
[19] Rohani Abu Bakar and M. S. Fauzi J., “Natural Rubber-Grafted-Poly (Methyl Methacrylate): Influence of Coagulating Agents on Properties and Appearances”, Chem. Eng. Vol.6, pp.962-966, (2012).
[20]. Van Puyvelde, P.; Velankar, S.; Moldenaers, P. Rheology and morphology of compatibilized polymer blends. Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 2001, 6, 457–463.
[21]. M. Akbari, A. Zadhoush, M. Haghighat, “PET/PP Blending by Using PP-g-MA Synthesized by Solid Phase” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 104, 3986–3993 (2007).
How to Cite
Issa Salih, S., Mahdi Salih, W. and Adnan Mohameed, T. (2019) “Comparative Study of the Flexural Strength and Impact Strength properties Between Two Types of the Ternary Polymer Blends”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 31(s3), pp. 276-284. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.31.s3.38.