Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies for Zeolites Synthesis

  • Rawand S. Abdullah Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Salahaddin University-Erbil,Kurdistan region-Iraq.
  • Mazin A. Othman Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Salahaddin University-Erbil,Kurdistan region-Iraq
  • Sangar S. Ahmed Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Salahaddin University-Erbil,Kurdistan region-Iraq
  • Kafia M. Surchi Department of Clinical Biochemistry, College of Health Science, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan region-Iraq.
Keywords: Time and temperature, Zeolite,Synthesis,Ratio,Crystallization


Zeolites are compounds which have many applications in chemistry and industry; therefore, studies of synthesis of zeolites are of great importance. In this work, kinetic and thermodynamic study of hydrothermal crystallization for zeolite synthesis process performed at different time intervals (17, 20, 23 and 26 h) and various temperatures (70, 90, 110 and 125 0C). By time intervals we got out the rate of the zeolite synthesis reaction in this research was first order. The synthesized zeolites were similar in their crystallinity according to the Zeolites synthesis at different of the time intervals. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that the change in Gibbs free energy was negative value. The degrees of crystallinity of the synthesized zeolites decreased with increasing the hydrothermal crystallization temperature. Moreover, the change of hydrothermal crystallization time and temperature caused synthesis of different types of zeolites. The synthesized zeolite samples characterized by Infra-Red (IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The variation of chemical compositions led to differences in morphologies and crystallinity of the synthesized zeolites.


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How to Cite
S. Abdullah, R., A. Othman, M., S. Ahmed, S. and M. Surchi, K. (2019) “Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies for Zeolites Synthesis”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 31(s4), pp. 90-96. doi: 10.21271/zjpas.31.s4.15.