Assessing Microbial and Biochemical Quality Indicators of Tanos Treated Soils
Different doses of tanos fungicide and two soil textures in combination (2×4: soil texture × fungicide doses) were studied in a pot experiment under chickpea cultivation to determine their effects on certain soil chemical, biochemical and microbiological properties. The main results showed that: clayey soil showed highest pH, enzymatic activities and microbial population during this study. Tanos doses showed significant changes in soil EC, reduced urease (R² = 0.9775), dehydrogenase (R² = 0.8806) and nitrate reductase (R² = 0.8541) activities. Whereas, significant increases in bacterial and fungal population in response to tanos doses were observed after two months. According to paired t test results, different tanos doses, as well as the combination effects between soil textures and tanos doses have significantly changed fungal population, urease, dehydrogenase and nitrate reductase activities after two months of experiment. The combined treatment S2D3 showed the lowest nitrate reductase activity, bacterial and fungal counts during the study. A significant correlation (R² = 0.8581) was observed between urease activity and bacterial population.
Anjaneyulu, E., Ramgopal, M., Narasimha, G. and Balaji, M. 2011. Effect of pig iron slag particles on soil physico-chemical, biological and enzyme activities. Iranica J. Energy & Environment, 2(2): 161-165.
Antonious, G.F. 2003. Impact of soil management and two botanical insecticides on urease and invertase activity. J. Environ. Sci. Health B, 38, 479-488.
Bashour I.I. and Sayegh, A.H. 2007. Methods of Analysis for Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Bello, D., Trasar-Cepeda, C., Leirós M.C. and Gilsotres, F. 2013. Modification of enzymatic activity in soils of contrasting pH. Soil Biol Biochem, 56:80-86.
Bending, G.D., Turner, M.K., Rayns, F., Marx, M.C. and Wood, M. 2004. Microbial and biochemical soil quality indicators and their potential for differentiating areas under contrasting agricultural management regimes. Soil Biol Biochem, 36:1785-1792.
Bünemann, E., Schwenke, G., and Van Zwieten, L. 2006. Impact of agricultural inputs on soil organisms-a review. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 44(4), 379-406.
Cycon, M., Kaczyñska, A. and piotrowska-Seget, Z. 2005. Soil enzyme activities as indicator of soil pollution by pesticides. Pestycydy, (1-2), 35-45. ISSN 0208-8703.
Floch, C., Chevremont, A.C., Joanico, K., Capowiez, Y. and Criquet, S. 2011. Indicators of pesticide contamination functional diversity of bacterial communities via Biolog Ecoplates. Eur J Soil Biol 47: 256-263n.
Fontaine, S., Marotti, A. and Abbadie, L. 2003. The priming effect of organic matter: a question of microbial competition. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 35: 837-843.
Gevao, B., Semple, K.T. and Jones, K.C. 2000. Bound pesticide residues in soils: a review. Environmental Pollution, 108: 3-14.
Gundi, V., Narasimha, G. and Reddy, B.R. 2005. Interaction Effects of soil insecticides on microbial populations and dehydrogenase activity in a black clay soil. J. Environmental Science and Health, Part B, 40(2): 269-283.
Hicks, R.J., Stotzky, G. and Voris, P.V. 1990. Review and evaluation of the effects of xenobiotic chemicals on microorganisms in soil. Adv Appl Microbiol, 35:195-253.
Hill, D.S. 2008. Pests of Crop in Warmer Climates and their Control. Springer Netherlands. XII Edition. 708pp.
Kalia, A. and Gosal, S.K. 2011. Effect of pesticide application on soil microorganisms. Agronomy and Soil Science, 57(6):569-596.
Kanekar, P.P., Bhadbhade, B., Deshpande, N.M. and Sarnai, S.S. 2004. Biodegradation of organophosphorus pesticides. Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., Part B70 (1): 57-70.
Khudhur, N.S. and Abdulla, N.Q.F. 2016. Soil fungal population study related to oil pollution along different distances from Kawrgosk Oil Refinery of Erbil-Iraq. Al-Anbar J. of Agr. Sci., 14(2): 1e-15e.
Khudhur, N.S. and Sarmamy, A.O.I. 2019. Determination of diazinon residues in artificially polluted soils. ZANCO Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 31(5): 1-8.
Khudhur, N.S., Khudhur, S.M. and Ameen, N.O.H. 2016. A Study on soil bacterial population in Steel Company and some related area in Erbil City in relation to heavy metal pollution. ZANCO Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 28(5): 101-116.
Kumar, A. 2004. Industrial pollution and management, In, Study of correlation of physical, chemical and biological characteristics with catalase activity in industrially polluted and unpolluted soils of Warangal (D.T.) A.P. by Kumari B.L. and Charya M.A., APH Publishing. New Delhi, pp. 134-138.
Martinez, M.M., Gutiérrez, V., Jannsens, M. and Ortega, R. 2010. Biological soil quality indicators: a review. Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology, pp. 319-328.
Nath, R. and Samanta, R. 2012. Soil pH, microbial population, nitrate reductase and alkaline phosphatase activities of different environment of Dibrugarh district, Assam. Advances in Applied Science Research, 3(3): 1772-1775.
Nortcliff, S., Hulpke, H., Bannick, C.G., Terytze, K., Knoop, G., Bredemeier, M. and Schulte-Bisping, H. 2006. Soil, definition, function, and utilization of soil. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Vol. 33: 309-420. DOI: 10.1002/14356007.b07_613.pub3
Qiu, X.H., Bai, W.Q., Zhong, Q.Z., Li, M., He, F.Q. and Li B.T. 2006. Isolation and characterization of a bacterial strain of the genus Ochro-bactrum with methyl parathion mineralizing activity. J Appl Microbiol, 101:986-994.
Rajbongshi, P., Devashree, Y. and Kumardutta, B. 2014. A study on the effect of some fungicides on the population of soil microflora. Journal of international academic research for multidisciplinary, 1(12).
Ryan, J., Estefan, G. and Rashid, A. 2001. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual. Second Edition. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria. 172 pp.
Sarathchandra, S.U., Perrott, K.W. and Upsdell, M.P. 1984. Microbiological and biochemical characteristics of a range of New Zealand soils under established pasture. Soil Biol. Biochem. 16, 177-183.
Sasvary and Supinova 2016. Accidental Cymoxanil (TANOS) pesticide poisoning (Case report). Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention, 7(3): 27-31.
Swer, H., Dkhar, M.S. and Kayang, H. 2011. Fungal population and diversity in organically amended agricultural soils of Meghalaya, India. Journal of Organic Systems, 6(2). ISSN 1177-4258.
Trasar-Cepeda C., Leirós M.C., Seoane S. and Gil-Sotres F. 2000. Limitations of soil enzymes as indicators of soil pollution. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32: 1867–1875.
Usman, S., Kundiri, A.M. and Nzamouhe, M. 2017a. Effects of organophosphate herbicides on biological organisms in soil medium- A mini review. Journal of Ecology and Toxicology, 1(1):1-5.
Uzun, N. and Uyanoz, R. 2011. Determination of urease catalase activities and CO2 respiration in different soils obtained from in semi-arid region Konya, Turkey. Trends Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. J., 2(1): 1-6.
Copyright (c) 2020 Nashmeel Saeed Khudhur
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
At Zanco Journal, we're dedicated to protecting your rights as an author, and ensuring that any and all legal information and copyright regulations are addressed. Whether an author is published with Zanco Journal or any other publisher, we hold ourselves and our colleagues to the highest standards of ethics, responsibility and legal obligation