Material flow analysis for household waste
Material flow analysis (MFA) is a tool used for a sustainable quantification and assessment of matter and substances during a specific period of time. The MFA system is mathematically controlled by a simple mass balance which defines all inputs, outputs and stocks of a process. Waste management in Erbil city has become the main problem and increased the generation rate per capita per year with economic growth and changing lifestyle. The current study aims to apply MFA for household waste in Erbil city to obtain a better, systematic waste management. The process model includes all input and output flows of household wastes and it provides a better management in household waste in the city. The total import of the household waste is 1.62 ton/year that is divided into four parts which are 1.23 tons/year is for kitchen waste (organic, combustible and incombustible), 0.03 tons/year for garden waste, and 0.03 tons/year for other waste and 0.33 for stocks material.
Material flow analysis (MFA), household waste, recycling, Erbil governorate
ABDULLAH, R. A., ALI, H., & MOHAMMED, M., 2020. Characteristics of Erbil wastewater. Online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342004577_CHARACTERISTICS_OF_ERBIL_WASTEWATER
AZIZ, S. Q., AZIZ, H. A., BASHIR, JK. M., & YUSOFF, M. S., 2011. Appraisal of domestic solid waste generation, components, and the feasibility of recycling in Erbil, Iraq. Journal of Waste Management & Research, 29(8), pp.880-887.
BRUNNER, P. & RECHENBERG, H., 2004. Practical Handbook of Material Flow Analysis. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publ.
BUREECAM, C., CHAISOMPHOB, T. & SUNGSOMBOON, P., 2018. Material flows analysis of plastic in Thailand. journal of Thermal Science , 22(6 Part A), pp.2379-2388.
CENCIC, O. & H. RECHBERGER. 2008. Material flow analysis with software STAN. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management 18(1): 3–7.
CONDEIXA, K., HADDAD, A. & BOER, D., 2017. Material flow analysis of the residential building stock at the city of Rio de Janeiro. Journal of Cleaner Production, 149, pp.1249-1267.
General Director of water and sewage in Kurdistan region.
GHANI, L.A., MAHMOOD, N.Z., MUHAMMAD, Z., BAHRI, S. & SAPUTRA, J., 2019. The energy flow for maize production: An application of material flow analysis (MFA) and giddens structural theory. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 54(4).
LANER, D., RECHBERGER, H., & ASTRUP, TH., 2014. Systematic Evaluation of Uncertainty in Material Flow Analysis, research and analysis journal, Volume 18, Number 6.
MADRON, F., VEVERKA, V. & VANĚČEK, V., 1977. Statistical analysis of material balance of a chemical reactor. AIChE Journal, 23(4), pp.482-486.
NURUL Q., FARAHIN S., & NORASHIKIN AHMAD KAMAL, 2017. Evaluation of Solid Waste Management Using Material Flow Analysis (MFA) for a Waste Utilization System in Shah Alam. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12: 6450-6455.
TANG, J. & BRUNNER, P.H., 2013. Globalising MFA–decision support for waste management in cities based on the software STAN. ISWA Guidelines & Reports.
TRAN, H., SCHAUBROECK, T., NGUYEN, D., HA, V., HUYNH, T. & DEWULF, J., 2018. Material flow analysis for management of waste TVs from households in urban areas of Vietnam. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 139, pp.78-89.
VIDAL, B. 1985. Histoire de la Chemie. Paris: Presses Universitaire de France.
YOSHIDA, A., TASAKI, T., TERAZONO, A., 2009. Material flow analysis of used personal computers in Japan, journal of Waste Management 29, 1602–1614.
Copyright (c) 2021 sazan mohammed ali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
At Zanco Journal, we're dedicated to protecting your rights as an author, and ensuring that any and all legal information and copyright regulations are addressed. Whether an author is published with Zanco Journal or any other publisher, we hold ourselves and our colleagues to the highest standards of ethics, responsibility and legal obligation