Row Spacing and Seeding Rate Effect on Growth Parameters of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).

  • Rabar F. Salih Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Ahmad T. Qader Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Zainab S. Bakr Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Flax, Row Spacing, Seeding Rate. Improve Growth Characteristics.

Abstract

Many factors effect on growth parameters of crops. During this current study row spacing and seeding rate were selected as main factors to improve growth parameters of flax (Thorshansity 72, “Poland cultivar”). The study was carried out in Gardarasha Field, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University – Erbil. It was done on 15th November 2018. Results indicated that both factors and interaction between them significantly affected some studied characteristics. The highest plant height was recorded in the situation of (C1S1) row spacing and seeding rate (8cm and 3g/m2), respectively it was by (73.7cm). Additionally, row spacing significantly affected of technical stem length and fruit zone length. Once more, the best value for both parameters were recorded when row spacing 8cm so the values were (56.5 and 17.5cm), respectively. Interaction between the factors were highly significant affected a number of capsules/plant so the best value was recorded with the situation of (C1S1) by (17.0) capsules/plant. According to the results can conclude that row spacing and seeding rate are more important to improve growth parameters and then fiber yield of flax.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bahadur, S. 2015. Effect of row arrangement on growth and yield of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) + dwarf field pea (Pisum sativum L.) intercropping association under irrigated condition”. Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science (Agriculture) in Agronomy.
GUBBELS, G. H., & KENASCHUK, E. O. 1989. Effect of seeding rate on plant and seed characteristics of new flax cultivars. Can. J. Plant Sci. 69:791-795.
JAKUSKO, B.B., USMAN, B.D., & MUSTAPHA, A.B. 2013. Effect of row spacing on growth and yield of Sesame (Sesamum indicum l.) in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), 2(3): 36-39.
KHALIFA, R. KH. M., MANAL F. M., BAKRY A. B., & Zeidan M. S. 2011. Response of some flax varieties to micronutrients foliar application under newly reclaimed sandy soil. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 5(8): 1328-1334.
KHOURANG, M., PARISSA, B., & REZA, O. 2012. Effect of some chemical and biological fertilizer on productivity of a medicinal flax (Linum usitatssimum L.) plant. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 3(3): 78-83.
KOCJAN, D.A., & TRDAN S. 2008. Influence of row spacing on the yield of two flax cultivars (Linum usitatissimum L.). Acta agriculturae Slovenica, 91 - 1.
LAFOND, G. P. 1993. The effects of nitrogen, row spacing and seeding rate on the yield of flax under a zero-till production system. Can. J. Plant Sci. 73: 375-382.
MARTIN, J. H., RICHARD, P. W., & DAVID, L. S. 2006. Principles of field crop production. 4th edition, New Jersey Columbus, Ohio.
STEVENSON, F. C., & WRIGHT, A. T. 1996. Seeding rate and row spacing affect flax yields and weed interference. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PLANT SC//ENCE. 537-544.
Published
2021-03-15
How to Cite
F. Salih, R., T. Qader, A. and S. Bakr, Z. (2021) “Row Spacing and Seeding Rate Effect on Growth Parameters of Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(s1), pp. 72-75. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.s1.7.