Vascular Plants of Bani Harir Mountain (Harir intramural bound)

  • shahban karasul Department of Biology, College of Education-Shaqlawa, Salahaddin University- Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Jawhar F. Saeed Department of Biology, College of Education, Salahaddin University- Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Vascular plants, Plant surveying, Plant collection. Bani Harir mountain Kurdistan-Iraq.


        Field work survey conducted in this investigation area Bani Harir Mountain (MRO, Kurdistan-Iraq) and their adjacent places. The important goals of this study are to determine vascular plant species of this mountain and their adjacent because of have rich plant diversity which has not been surveyed in detailed by previous botanists up to now and it's not signified in Flora of Iraq. For this purpose, new localities for plant species should be reorganized in flora of Iraq. This survey includes all species of natural local flora of vascular plants which are distributed at the mountains and their adjacent. All the plants those are were determined, only they are new record according to the surveyed area. To constitute the floristic composition, field survey duration was from beginning of spring season 2020 and continued to spring season of 2021. For this purpose; field works were divided to 7 sections and more than 950 plant samples were collected. At the result 247 plant species from 67 families and 183 genera were determined and identified. The 3 largest families in the area of this study is fabaceae family (33 species; 13.36%), the second largest is Asteraceae family (30 species; 12.14%), and the third largest family is Poaceae (22 species; 8.9%). These 3 families followed by Brassicaceae family with (13 species), and Rosaceae family with (12 species).     


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How to Cite
karasul, shahban and F. Saeed, J. (2021) “Vascular Plants of Bani Harir Mountain (Harir intramural bound)”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(5), pp. 57-68. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.5.7.
Biology and Medical Researches