Effect of adding different levels of celery seeds powder with or without supplementation of exogenous enzymes upon the cost of feed for egg production and the external and internal quality of quail eggs.
A total 250 quail females 120 days old were randomly divided in to ten dietary treatments (1: basal diet, 2: basal diet plus 0.10% exogenous enzymes, 3: basal diet contained 0.25% celery seeds powder, 4: basal diet contained 0.50% celery seeds powder, 5: basal diet contained 0.75% celery seeds powder, 6: basal diet contained 1.00% celery seeds powder, 7: basal diet contained 0.10% exogenous enzymes plus 0.25% celery seeds powder, 8: basal diet contained 0.10% exogenous enzymes plus 0.50% celery seeds powder, 9: basal diet contained 0.10% exogenous enzymes plus 0.75% celery seeds powder, 10: basal diet contained 0.10% exogenous enzymes plus 1.00% celery seeds powder). The numbers of birds for each replicate (cage) were five birds and each treatment included five replicates. The results of statistical analysis showed significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments for egg mass (8.82, 9.32, 9.63, 9.11, 8.86, 8.79, 8.50, 9.37, 8.84 and 10.24 gms egg/bird/day) and for feed conversion ratio (3.33, 3.96, 3.05, 4.05, 3.30, 3.77, 3.02, 2.49, 3.28 and 3.35 gms feed per gram of egg respectively). The lowest feed cost for egg production was for the seventh dietary group (1.66, 1.98, 1.52, 2.02, 2.07, 1.87, 1.51, 1.25, 1.64 and 1.67 dollars feed cost per one kilogram of egg produced). The were significant (p<0.05) differences among treatments for shell thickness, weight of yolk, yolk color and the albumen diameter.
Duncan , D. B. (1955).Multiple range and multiple Ftes.Biometrics.(11):1-42.
Elgayyar, M., F. A. Draughon, D. A. Golden and J. R. Mount. (2001). Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from plants against selected pathogenic and saprophytic microorganisms. J. of Food Prot., 64(7):10191024.
EL-Tazi , SMA.; Mukhter , MA.; Mohamed, KA.; Tabidi, MH. (2014) Effect of using black pepper as natural feed additive on performance and carcass quality of broiler chicks. Int. J. Pharm Res. Ana., 4(2):108- 113.
Falzari, L. and Menary, R. (2005). Development of aclery oil and extract industry. Rural industries Resarch & Development corporation., 5: 133.
Frankic, T.; Voljc, M.; Salobir, J.; Rezar, V. (2009). Use of herbs and spices and their extracts in animal nutrition, Acta Agriculturae. Slovenica, 94, 95-102.
Momin, R. A. and M.G. Nair. (2002). Antioxidant, cyclooxygenase and topois on erase inhibitory compounds from Apium graveolens seeds. Phytoined. 9(4): 312-318.
NRC. (1994). Naitonal Research Council, Nutrient Requirements Of Poultry9th Sajjadi. S. E.(2006). Analysis of the Essential Oils of two CuitIvated Basil (OCIMUM BASILICUM L.) From Iran. Daru Volume 14, No. 3.128-130.
Qamar, S. H.; Ahsan ul Haq; Naeem Asghar; Shahid ur Rehman; Pervez Akhta; Ghulam Abbas (2015). Effect of Herbal Medicine Supplementations (Arsilvon Super, Bedgen40 and Hepa-cure Herbal Medicines) on Growth Performance, Immunity and Haematological Profile in Broilers. Advances in Zoology and Botany 3(2): 17-23.
Raghavan, S. ( 2007). Handbook of spices, seasonings and flavorings.2nd ed, VRV Press, USA.
Roland . Sr. P. Gunawardana , D. A, and M. M. Bryant .(2009). Effect of dietary energy, protein, and a versatile enzyme on hen performance, egg solids, egg composition, and egg quality of Hay-Line W-36 hens during second cycle, phase two. Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849.
SAS. (2001) . SAS User’s Guide, Statistics 9.1th Ed. Cary NC: SAS Institute
Tsi, D. and B. Tsi. ( 2000). The mechanism underlying the hypocholesterolemic activity of aqueous celery extract, its butanol and aqueous fractions in genetically hypocholesterolemic rico rats. I. Life Sci., 66: 755- 767.
Whitehouse, M. W.; Butters, D. E.; Clark, M. L. and Ranisford, K. D. (2001). NASID gastropathy: Prevention by celery seed extracts in disease stressed rats. Infammo pharamacol., 9:201209.
Copyright (c) 2021 Sara Kareem Najmaldeen, Mohammad I. A. AL-Nuaimi AL-Hussaini
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
At Zanco Journal, we're dedicated to protecting your rights as an author, and ensuring that any and all legal information and copyright regulations are addressed. Whether an author is published with Zanco Journal or any other publisher, we hold ourselves and our colleagues to the highest standards of ethics, responsibility and legal obligation