Combination Effects of Different Levels of Compost and Phosphorus Fertilizer on Yield and Phosphorus Requirement by Wheat.

Keywords: Compost, Phosphorus fertilizer, Wheat, Phosphorus requirement


A pot experiment was conducted in the glass house of the college of science, University of Salahaddin- Erbil, to study the effect of different levels of compost (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 2.5 Mg.ha-1) and  phosphorus fertilizer (0, 50,100,150kg.ha-1) on relative growth rate, phosphorus requirement, and yield component of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.)  in sandy loam soil. The results  revealed that all the studied parameters such as the highest value of the total dry matter, grain weight, biological yield, grain yield, harvest index, phosphorus content, phosphorus uptake, relative growth rate and phosphorus requirement were significantly increased by the application of compost and phosphorus fertilizer. The height values(27.66g.pot-1,14.08 g.pot-1; 7279.22 kg.ha-1 ; 4232.25 kg.ha-1; 58.14%; 5.79mg.g-1; 160.65 mg.pot-1; 1.38 and 7.90 µ for above mentioned parameters respectively were recorded with compost 2.5Mg.ha-1 and 150 kg.ha-1 TSP treatment combination.


Ahmad .M., M. Afzal., A. Ahmad., A.U.H. Ahma., M.I. Azeem. (2013).Role of organic and inorganic nutrient sources in improving wheat crop production Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova Vol. XLVI , No. 1 :153-160
Akhtar .M. Javed, Hafiz Naeem Asghar, K. Shahzad And M. Arshad (2009).Role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria Applied in combination with compost and mineral Fertilizers to improve growth and yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Pak. J. Bot., 41(1): 381-390,
Allen, S.E. (1976) Chemical analysis of ecological materials. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1-500.
Bangar K.C., S. Shanker, K.K. Kapoor, Kamlesh Kukreja, and M.M. Mishra (1989)Preparation of nitrogen and phosphorus-enriched paddy straw compost and its effect on yield and nutrient uptake by wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) Biol Fertil Soils (1989) 8:339-342
Bangar KC, Yadav KS, Mishra MM (1985) Transformation of rock phosphate during composting and the effect of humic acid. Plant and Soil 85:259-266
Barker, A. V. and D. J. Pilbeam (2007). Hand book of plant nutrition. CRC Press, United state of America: 51-186.
Black, C.A. (1965) Method of soil analysis: Parts (1 and 2). Agronomy Monograph, Vol. 9, American Society of Agronomy Inc. Publishing, Madison, 1-1575.
Bremner, J.M. and Mulvaney, C.S. (1982) Methods of soil analysis: Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd Edition. Agronomy, Vol. 9, American Society of Soil Science, Madison, 595-624.

Darwesh A. D. (1999) Effect of some soil properties , nitrogen source and complementary irrigation on ammonia volatilization and wheat growth .MS.c Thesis. college of Science .Salahaddin University .
Darwesh A.D, P. M. Maulood and S. A. Amin.(2013). Effect of phosphorus fertilizers on growth and physiological phosphorus use efficiency of three soy bean cultivars . IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 3:( 6) . PP 32-36.
Huck, Y.C, O.H.Ahmed and N.M.Ab.Majid.(2014). Biochar and compost influence the phosphorus availability, nutrient uptake and growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in tropical acid soil.Pak J.Agri.Sci.51(4)797-806.
Ibrahim, M., Anwar-ul-Hassan, M. Iqbal and E.E. Valeem. (2008).Response of wheat growth and yield to various levels of compost and organic manure. Pak. J. Bot., 40(5): 2135-2141.
Khan, A., M.T. Jan, K.B. Marwat and M. Arif. (2009). Organic and inorganic nitrogen treatments effects on plant and yield attributes of maize in a different tillage systems. Pak. J. Bot., 41(1): 99-108.
Mohammad ,M.J and H.I.Malkawi.(2004).Root ,Shoot and nutrient acquisition response of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal wheat to phosphorus application to highly calcareous soils. Asian Journal of Plant Science 3:(3)363-369.
Muhammad I., A.Ul-Hassan, M. Iqbal,and E. E. Valeem.(2008).Response Of Wheat Growth And Yield To Various Levels Of Compost And Organic Manure. Pak. J. Bot., 40(5): 2135-2141
Ortiz.J.I, RJ.Pena, W.H.Pfeiffer and A.H.Hede.(2002). Phosphorus use efficiency ,grain yield and quality of triticale and durum wheat under irrigated condition. Proceeding of the 5th .International Triticale Symposium,Annex.June 30-jule5.Radzikow,Poland PP:9-14.
Pansu, M. and Gautheyrou, J. (2006) Hand book of soil analysis. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 1-993.
Sarwar G, N Hussain, H Schmeisky, S Muhammad, M Ibrahim and E Safdar. (2008). Improvement of soil physical and chemical properties with compost application in rice wheat cropping system. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 40: 275-282.
Sarwar G, N Hussain, H Schmeisky, S Sarwar, GN Hussain and S Muhammad. (2007). Use of compost an environment friendly technology for enhancing rice-wheat production in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39: 1553-1558.
Schuffelen, A.A.M. and Vanschaunouwenburg, J.G.H. (1961) Quick testes for soil and plant analysis used by small laboratories. Netherland Journal of Agriculture Science, 9, 2-16.
Shad KK, AZ Khan, AR Baloch and P Shah, (1999).Effect of row spacing and herbicides application on some agronomic characteristics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L). Sarhad .Journal of Agriculture, 15: 535-540.
Shah,K.H ,S.H.Siddiqui ,M.Y.Memon ,M.Aslam ,M.Imtiaz and P.Khan . (2003). Performance of fertigation technique for P usage efficiency in wheat .Asian Journal of Plant Science 2(15):1088-1091.
Shokrollah A., M. R. Neyshabouri.,F. Abbasi, N. Aliasgharzad.,Sh. Oustan (2009) The effects of four organic soil conditioners on aggregate stability, pore size distribution, and respiration activity in a sandy loam soil. Turk. J.Agric . 33: 47-55
Steele, R.G. and Torrie, J.H. (1969) Principle and proce-dure of statistic. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, 1-530.
Sunita G and Lata Nain .(2007). Chemical and biological properties of wheat soil in response to paddy straw incorporation and its biodegradation by fungal inoculants. Biodegradation 18:495–503
Tahir Muhammad , Muhammad Ayub, Hafi z Muhammad Ras had J a veed, Muhammad Naeem Hassebur Rehman, Muhammad Waseem and Muqarrab Ali (2011), Effect of different organic matter on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Pak. j. life soc. Sci. 9(1): 63-66
Thu Ha. N and H. Shindo (2011) Effects of different levels of compost application on amounts and distribution of organic nitrogen forms in soil particle size fractions subjected mainly to double cropping. J.of Agricultural Sciences 2(3):213-219
Übrahim E., M. Ali Bozkurt, K. Mesut .Ü., S. Karaca, M. Saúlam (2000) Effects of humic acid and phosphorus applications on growth and phosphorus uptake of corn plant (Zea mays L.) Grown in a Calcareous Soil .Turk J Agric ..2(3): 213-219.
How to Cite
“Combination Effects of Different Levels of Compost and Phosphorus Fertilizer on Yield and Phosphorus Requirement by Wheat.” (2016) Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 28(5), pp. 117-125. doi: 10.21271/zjpas.v28i5.453.