An Exploratory Study of Difference in Leadership Style between Men and Women and Gender Equality in Private and Public Sector Organization in Iraqi Kurdistan
This study examines gender parity in private and public sector organizations across Iraqi Kurdistan. To know the leadership style of both genders a cross-gender comparison was made and the differences are highlighted. On past studies on this topic a discussion was created and in depth literature was reviewed. The research based on a sample size of 272 managers in both private and public sectors. The data in this research shows the level of male and female participant in managerial position and based on those findings a discussion was developed on both gender parity and recruitment transparency. The results indicate there is gender inequality in both sector organizations and they have failed to achieve gender balance in their organizations. The findings also suggest that women turnover are high after the first five years at their job and those who stay long they have struggled to get promoted to senior positions. This is despite the fact that the data show that women are more educated and better managers when the span of control widen to 50 employees or above. The dominated leadership style among both sexes is Transformational leadership style which can be viewed effective if the use and allocate resources reasonably. At the end some recommendations was made to government and companies across Iraqi Kurdistan to achieve gender parity and take economic advantage of this underused talented women managers.
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