The study of chemical composition of gum in Pistacia atlantica in Erbil region
AbstractGum in Pistacia atlantica has elevated interest in medicine and has been reported to possess substantial antimicrobial activity. Thus, this study was carried out to analyze the active constituents present in gum of Pistacia atlantica. Twenty-six compounds in hexane extract were identified by Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The GC-MS analysis has shown the presence of different phytochemical compounds in the gum of Pistacia atlantica. A total of 26 compounds were identified representing 84.49% of total hexanoic extract composition. The major compounds were (α-pinene 57.06%, β-pinene 9.83%, trans-Pinocarveol 2.95%, trans-Verbenol 3.97%, α-Phellandren-8-ol 3.81%). Our results show that gum obtained from P. atlantica var. kurdica contained various chemical constitutes which have been previously reported as health benefits.
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