The Sociodemographic characteristics of women in Hawler Shelter A field study in Hawler Shelter
Shalters have become safe place for those women who are either under threat or face domestic violence by any means for any reason. In general, domestic violence against women exists in all societies, but the degree of violence and frequency is different from one another. The term “Domestic Violence” is a term used to describe types of violence such as physical assault, psychological abuse, social abuse, financial abuse, or sexual assault. This phenomenon leads to the reduction of women’s participation in a society’s development and production. In addition, the cost of combating this phenomenon on the government, society and families to prevent and follow up cases. At the same time, domestic violence is an international problem reaching across national boundaries. The government and NGOs should take action to face this phenomenon through providing a peaceful environment for women in the society, in order to establish a healthy and developed society.
This study aims at revealing the factors for maltreating women and causing them to seek help from Shelters. The study is based on a quantitative research methodology, using a questionnaire in Hawler Shelter. The research was conducted from 3rd January 2016 to the 29th December 2016. The participants comprised 107 female respondents. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. The study mainly found that social factors such as romantic relationships, marriage affairs (unfaithfulness), eloping (Radu kauten), kidnapping, rape, homeless, age difference, polygamy, and threat are the main factors that force Kurdish women to escape from home and use the Shelters as a safe place until solving their problems.
قادر، ئەسرین زرار(٢٠٠٦) ڕۆڵی سەنتەری ئافرەتان لە کێشە کۆمەڵایەتییەکانیان: لێکۆڵینەوەیەکی مەیدانییە لە هەرێمی کوردستان _ عێراق. زانکۆی سەڵاحەددین/ هەولێر، نامەی ماستەری بڵاونەکراوە.
هەرێمی کوردستانی -عێراق، ئەنجومەنی وەزیران، وەزارەتی کار و کاروباری کۆمەڵایەتی، ڕێنمایی ژمارە (٢) ساڵی ٢٠١٤، ماڵی داڵدەدانی ژنانی هەڕەشەلێکراو.
هەرێمی کوردستانی -عێراق، ئەنجومەنی وەزیران، وەزارەتی ناوخۆ، بەڕێوەبەرایەتیی گشتیی بەرەنگاربوونەوەی توندوتیژیی دژ بە ئافرەتان، ئاماری (١١) مانگی ساڵی ٢٠١٦.
Arrighi B A (1997) America’s Shame: Women and Children in Shelter and the Degradation of Family Roles. USA: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.
Johnson J M (1981) Program enterprise and official cooptation in the battered women's shelter movement. American Behavioral Scientist, 24:827-842
Sacks H (1967) The Search for help: No one to turn to. In: Shniendman E (ed.) Essays in Self-Destruction. New York: Science House, Inc:203- 223.
Tierney K J (1982) The Battered Women Movement and the Creation of the Wife Beating Problem. Social Problems, 29 (3): 207-220
Wang K 1996) Battered Asian American Women: Community Responses from the Battered Women's Movement and the Asian American. Asian Law Journal, 3: 151-184
Weiner M H (1991) From Dollars to Sense: A Critique of Government Funding for the Battered Women's Shelter Movement. Law and Inequality, A journal of theory and practice 9 (2): 185-277
Wingood G M, DiClemente R J and Raj A (2000) Adverse Consequences of Intimate Partner Abuse Among Women in Non-Urban Domestic Violence Shelters. American Journal of Preventive Medicine,19(4): 270-275
At Zanco Journal, we're dedicated to protecting your rights as an author, and ensuring that any and all legal information and copyright regulations are addressed. Whether an author is published with Zanco Journal or any other publisher, we hold ourselves and our colleagues to the highest standards of ethics, responsibility and legal obligation