The Sociodemographic characteristics of women in Hawler Shelter A field study in Hawler Shelter

  • Ezaddin Abdulsamad Rassul College of Arts - Department of Sociology / University of Salahaddin - Erbil
  • Tavga Fezillah Muhammad Ministry of labor and social affairs Kurdistan


Shalters have become safe place for those women who are either under threat or face domestic violence by any means for any reason. In general, domestic violence against women exists in all societies, but the degree of violence and frequency is different from one another. The term “Domestic Violence” is a term used to describe types of violence such as physical assault, psychological abuse, social abuse, financial abuse, or sexual assault. This phenomenon leads to the reduction of women’s participation in a society’s development and production. In addition, the cost of combating this phenomenon on the government, society and families to prevent and follow up cases. At the same time, domestic violence is an international problem reaching across national boundaries. The government and NGOs should take action to face this phenomenon through providing a peaceful environment for women in the society, in order to establish a healthy and developed society.

This study aims at revealing the factors for maltreating women and causing them to seek help from Shelters. The study is based on a quantitative research methodology, using a questionnaire in Hawler Shelter. The research was conducted from 3rd January 2016 to the 29th December 2016. The participants comprised 107 female respondents. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. The study mainly found that social factors such as romantic relationships, marriage affairs (unfaithfulness), eloping (Radu kauten), kidnapping, rape, homeless, age difference, polygamy, and threat are the main factors that force Kurdish women to escape from home and use the Shelters as a safe place until solving their problems.


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How to Cite
Rassul E, Muhammad T. The Sociodemographic characteristics of women in Hawler Shelter A field study in Hawler Shelter. JAHS [Internet]. 4Feb.2018 [cited 27Jun.2022];21(6):426 -449. Available from: