Needs Analysis and English Curriculum Design for Students in Iraqi Universities
English language has become the language of scientific and academic fields. And we as university lecturers are mainly concerned with making our students acquire proficiency in English language. The present research basic aim is to shed light upon an area of research to which little attention has been paid in the Iraqi universities in general and Salahaddin University-Erbil in particular. Its main aim is to suggest designing English curricula for students at the university level according to a needs-analysis approach which is the core step towards designing ESP courses. Needs analysis approach works on fulfilling not only the learners' needs but the society needs also. The curriculum based on this approach adapts authentic curriculum content which is the key towards engaging Iraqi university students effectively in communicative situations. This approach focuses mainly on defining the learners' needs in the targeted language and then designing courses and curricula for them. Designing such curricula help to develop learners' skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) within their specialization and enhance their critical thinking and practical knowledge of their specialization and be efficient in receiving and conveying information and using them for professional purposes in the future. There is a need to identify the components of the targeted learners' needs and implement them in building up the (EAP/ESP) curricula. Incorporating goals, objectives, methodology, materials and activities within these curricula will lead to increase intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and thus, students will be able to use English professionally with authenticity and meaning.
The research will contain three chapters: chapter one is a general introduction to the research as it is going to state its problems and importance, aims, hypotheses, limits, procedures, and basic term definitions. Chapter two is divided into two sections: the first is a theoretical background of the significant points related to research topic. Section two is an analytical background to the English curricula in the Iraqi universities and Salahaddin University-Erbil is the model for this research. Chapter three will state some significant conclusions in addition to the recommendations and suggestions.
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