Investigating the Association between Psychological Well-being and Hope among the IDPs in Erbil

  • Izaddin Ahmad Aziz Department of Educational and Psychological - College of Education / Salahaddin University-Erbil
  • Sumaya Sami Hassan Department of Special Education - College of Education / Salahaddin University-Erbil
Keywords: Well-Being, Psychological Well-Being, Hope, Internally Displaced People (IDPs)


There is a growing body of research investigating the relationships between well-being and hope. This study outlines and details work conducted to understand the relationship between the components of psychological well-being and hope among the Internally Displaced People (IDPs)who live under stressful conditions. Ryff’s eudaimonic model of well-being across six components was profiled with the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) (Snyder et al, 1991) measure. Three hundred and fifty individuals were selected from the refugee camps in Erbil from both genders ( 184 male, 166 female) aged between (18-64 years). For collecting the data, self-reported questionnaires. The results of the research sample show significantly high levels of hope and psychological well-being. Importantly, these findings reveal the significant role played by positive relationships between hope components and psychological well-being dimensions, all components show a large effect size. Linear multiple regression analysis suggests that agency and pathway with others predict unique variance in four components of psychological wellbeing, that are Personal Growth, Positive Relations with Others, Purpose in life, and Self-Acceptance after controlling for some demographic variables. To identify the differences between hope components, the results show that females recorded a higher level of hope agency components than males. Also, results show that females recorded higher levels of two psychological well-being components that are Autonomy, and Personal Growth than males. In light of the findings, this study illustrates the importance of agency and pathway components of hope to improve greater psychological well-being in predicting mental health states.


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How to Cite
Aziz I, Hassan S. Investigating the Association between Psychological Well-being and Hope among the IDPs in Erbil. JAHS [Internet]. 30Jul.2019 [cited 3Jul.2022];23(3):539 -548. Available from: