The Destiny of Humanity in the Future Cities of Ray Bradbury

  • Sokar Musleh Sleman Department of English – College of languages/ Salahaddin University-Erbil
  • Ismail Muhammad Fahmi, Assistant Professor Department of English – College of languages/ Salahaddin University-Erbil
Keywords: Future, Humanity, War, Science, Technology


          The current study is an attempt to show Ray Bradbury’s (1920-2012) visions concerning the destiny of humanity in the future cities. To achieve this goal, the study uses psychobiography as the theory, to find evidence from his biography and link it to his literary creativity. In his fiction, Bradbury speculates a future where humanity is doomed either by successive wars and atomic bombs or by the excessive use of science and technology. Therefore, this study takes two of Bradbury’s stories as instances to demonstrate his visions and predictions, which are: There Will Come Soft Rains (1950) and The Pedestrian (1951). Furthermore, it examines Bradbury’s personal life to reveal why he wrote and speculated in such a way. Finally, the study ends with a conclusion in which the major findings will be summed up.


Keywords: Future, Humanity, War, Science, Technology.


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How to Cite
Sleman S, Fahmi I. The Destiny of Humanity in the Future Cities of Ray Bradbury. JAHS [Internet]. 20Feb.2020 [cited 23May2022];24(1):278 -28. Available from: