Effect of Salicylic and Ascorbic acid on Growth, Green yield of two Broad bean Cultivars (Vicia faba L.)

Main Article Content

Sanaa Mohammad Salih Rasheed

Keywords

Key World, Broad bean, Salicylic acid, Ascorbic acid, cultivars.

Abstract

ABSTRUCT






The experiment was conducted in the vegetable research farm of Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture/ University of Dohuk- Iraq, interior the plan of Broad bean crop production during the growing season of 2016-2017, to investigate the effects of two Cultivars (Aguadolce & Elisa), Salicylic acid and Ascorbic acid at concentration (0, 100 & 150 g.L-1 ) on growth, green yield and green seed yield of Broad bean (Vicia faba.). Results showed that the cultivars had no affect on vegetative characters. The Elisa cultivar had significant increase on some majority green yield and seed yield characters (Pod Yield g. plant-1, Total Yield ton. donum-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g and weight of 100 seed g).While Aguadolce cultivar had significant increase in (pod length cm). There were no significant effect of cultivars on (No. of pods per plant pod.plant-1, Pods weight g, No of seeds per plant, green seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1). But ascorbic acid significant increased (No. of pods per plant pod.plant-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g, weight of 100 seed g Green Seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1) ), While treating of broad bean plant with salicylic acid especially (100g.L-1) led to significant increases (pods weight g, No. of branches per plant, Pods weight g, Pod Yield g. plant-1, Total Yield ton. donum-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g, weight of 100 seed g, Green Seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1).






            The experiment was conducted in the vegetable research farm of Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture/ University of Dohuk- Iraq, interior the plan of Broad bean crop production during the growing season of 2016-2017, to investigate the effects of two Cultivars (Aguadolce & Elisa), Salicylic acid and Ascorbic acid at concentration (0, 100 & 150 g.L-1 ) on growth, green yield and green seed yield of Broad bean (Vicia faba.). Results showed that the cultivars had no affect on vegetative characters. The Elisa cultivar had significant increase on some majority green yield and seed yield characters (Pod Yield g. plant-1, Total Yield ton. donum-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g and weight of 100 seed g).While Aguadolce cultivar had significant increase in (pod length cm). There were no significant effect of cultivars on (No. of pods per plant pod.plant-1, Pods weight g, No of seeds per plant, green seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1). But ascorbic acid significant increased (No. of pods per plant pod.plant-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g, weight of 100 seed g Green Seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1) ), While treating of broad bean plant with salicylic acid especially (100g.L-1) led to significant increases (pods weight g, No. of branches per plant, Pods weight g, Pod Yield g. plant-1, Total Yield ton. donum-1, No. of seed per pod, seed weight g, weight of 100 seed g, Green Seed yield  g.plant-1 and total seed yield  ton. donum-1).

Abstract 55 | pdf Downloads 33

References

REFERENCE
AL-Amry N. J. andMohammed M.M. (2017) . “Influence of adding ascorbic acid and yeast on growth and yield and Rhizobium of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under irrigation with saline water.” IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS), vol. 10, no. 10, 217ADAD, pp..23–28.
Amer, M.I., M.A. El-Borai and M.M. Radi, (2008). Response of three dates under different plant densities in North Delta. J. Agric. Res. Tanta Univ., 18(4): 591-599.
Azooz, M. and Al-Fredan, M. (2009). The inductive role of vitamin C and its mode of application on growth, water status, antioxidant enzyme activities and protein patterns of Vicia faba L. cv. Hassawi grown under seawater irrigation . Amer J. . Plant Physiol., 4(1): 38-51 .
Azooz, M. M. (2009). Salt stress mitigation by seed priming with salicylic acid in two faba bean genotypes differing in salt tolerance. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 11( 4): 343–350.
Burguieres ,E.; McCue, P. ; Kwon, Y. and Shetty, K. (2007). Effect of vitamin C and folic acid on seed vigour response and phenolic-linked antioxidant activity. Bioresour Technol., 98(7):1393-1404.
Chavan, J.K., L.S. Kute and S.S. Kadam, 1989. Broad Bean. In: Hand Book of World Food Legumes: Nutritional Chemistry Processing Technology and Utilization, Salankhe, D.K. and S.S. Kaddam (Eds.)., Vol. 1, CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp: 223-245.
Dahmardeh, M., M. Ramroodi and J. Valizadeh. (2010). Effect of plant density and cultivars on growth, yield and yield components of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Afr. J. of Biot., 9(50): 8643-8647.
Derya O. Y. (2013). Optimal Intra-Row Spacing For Production Of Local Faba Bean (VICIA FABA L. MAJOR) Cultivars in the Mediterranean Conditions. Pak. J. Bot., 45(6): 1933-1938.
El-Masry, M.F., 2010. Effect of some cultural practices of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). MSc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Alex. Univ., Egypt.
El-Shraiy, A.M. and Hegazi, A.M. (2009). Effect of Acetylsalicylic Acid, Indole-3- Buytric Acid and Gibberellic Acid on Plant Growth and Yield of Pea (Pisum sativum L.).Aust. J. Basic and Appl. Sci.,3 ( 4):3514-3523.
Fouad, A. A; Emam, A. A.; Osama, M .A.; Volker, A .E. and Corinna, L. (1995). The changes of protein patterns during one week of germination of some legume seeds and roots. Food Chemistry, 52 : 433 – 437.
Hayat,S.; Ali, B. and Ahmad, A. (2007). Salicylic Acid: Biosynthesis, Metabolism and Physiological Role in Plants. In: S. Hayat and A.Ahmad :Salicylic acid: A Plant Hormone. Springer, Netherlands. pp: 1-14.
Hegazi,A.M. and El-Shraiy, A.M. (2007). Impact of Salicylic acid and Paclobutrazol exogenous application on the growth, yield and nodule formation of common bean. Aust. J. Basic and Appl. Sci., 1(4): 834-840.
Khafaga, H.S.; Raeefa, A. H.; Hala, M.M. and Ala, S.A. (2009). Response of two faba bean cultivars to application of certain growth regulators under salinity stress condition at siwa oasis. 1- Growth traits, yield and yield components. 4th Conference on Recent Tech. in Agric.
Khan , N . A; Syeed, S . ; Masood, A .; Nazar, R . and Iqbal, N . (2010). Application of salicylic acid increases contents of nutrients and antioxidative metabolism in mungbean and alleviates adverse effects of salinity stress .International Journal of Plant Biology ,1:1-8.
Khan, W.; Prithviraj, B. and Smith, D.L. ( 2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol., 160: 485-492.
Kubure TE, Raghavaiah CV, Hamza I (2016). Production Potential of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes in Relation to Plant Densities and Phosphorus Nutrition on Vertisols of Central Highlands of West Showa Zone, Ethiopia, East Africa. Adv Crop Sci Tech 4: 214. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000214.
Mohamed, A.K., 2010. Effect of sowing date, ridge direction, plant orientation and population on faba bean grain yield. FABis, 12: 11-12.
Murtaza,G.; Asghar, R. ; Ahmad, S. and Abdul Majid, S. (2007). The yield and yield components of pea (Pisum sativum l.) as influenced by salicylic acid. Pak. J. Bot., 39(2): 551-559.
Osman, A.A.M., S.O. Yagoub and O.A. Tut. (2010). Performance of faba beans (Vicia faba L.) cultivars grown in new agroecological region of Sudan (Southern Sudan ). Aust. J. of Basic. and Appl. Sci., 4(11): 5516-5521.
Rai, V.K.; Sharma, S.S. and Sharma, S. (1986) Reversal of ABA-induced stomatal closure by phenolic compounds. J. Exp. Bot. 37: 129–134.
Salih, F. A, ; Sarra, AA, and Salih. S. H. ( 1993) Performance of faba bean genotyes in the Jebel marra area. Fabis Newsletter No, 33: 3-7 .
Salih, F.A., (2007). Influence of sowing date, seed rate and seed size on yield and yield components of faba beans. FAB is, 7: 32-33.
Salwa A. Orabi, B.B. Mekki and Faida A. Sharara (2013) Alleviation of Adverse Effects of Salt Stress on Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Plants by Exogenous Application of Salicylic Acid..World Appl. Sci. J., 27 (4): 418-427.
Shakirova, F. M., Sakhabutdinova, A. R.; Bezrukova, M. V.; R.A. Fatkhutdinova and Fatkhutdinova, D.R.( 2003). Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Sci., 164: 317–322.
Smirnoff, N. (1996). Antioxidant systems and plant responses to the environment. In: Smirnoff, N. (ed.) Environment and Plant Metabolism. Flexibility and Acclimation. Oxford: Bios Scientific Publishers, 217- 243.
Smirnoff, N. and Wheeler, G.L. (2000). Ascorbic acid in plant: Biosynthesis and Function. Biochem. Mol. Biol.,35(4):291-314.
Taiz L. and Zeiger E. (1998). Plant Physiology.3rd.ed Sinauer Associates, INC., Publishers.Sunderland, Massachusetts. P. 110.
Tasgin, E.; Attici, O. and Nalbantogly, B. (2003). Effect of salicylic acid and cold on freezing tolerance in winter wheat leaves. Plant Growth Regulation, 41: 231-236.
Thomson, T., G.S. Patel, J.B. Thakar and Pandya, K.S. 2017. Effect of Foliar Application of Acetyl Salicylic Acid and Ascorbic Acid on Growth and Yield of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.) cv. Bonneville. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(6): 1971-1976.
Younis, M. E.; Hasaneen, M.N.A; and Kazamel, A. E. S. (2010). Exogenously applied ascorbic acid ameliorates detrimental effects of NaCl and mannitol stress in Vicia faba seedlings. Protoplasma , 239 (1-4): 39-48.