Influence of Vitis vienefera L. Cultivars on Some Physicochemical Characters and Enzyme Activities of Soil

  • sakar Aadrbdulq Saheed Department of environmental science, College of Science, Salahaddin University- Erbil,Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Shakar Jamal aweez Department of environmental science, College of Science, Salahaddin University- Erbil,Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Snowber Muhamad Ahmed Department of general science,college of Basic Education, Salahaddin University- Erbil,Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Keyword: grape, location, cultivars, soil enzyme.


      This study was carried out in order to evaluate the impacts of grape (Vitis vienfera L.) cultivars on soil physicochemical and enzyme activity.The soilsamples at root zones of various grape cultivars ( Kamala, Kshmishy, Rashmiry, Doshawe, Halwany, Rashme and Bedenka) were collected in four different farm conditions. The experiment was designed in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates. The results revealed non-significant variation (p≤0.01) among   grape cultivars for( pH, organic matter% and water content% )of soil the total mean value (7.50, 16.55% and 11.41% were recorded respectively while  Bedenka cultivar has  recorded a highest porosity cultivars and  the total mean value of all cultivars was (23.31%)However there was a significant variance among cultivars in soil electrical conductivity the total mean of all cultivars is( 222.14µ which not cause soil salinity .there was not significant variance recorded in soil enzymes among the grape cultivars for each  (urease µgN.g-1 soil ,dehydrogenase µgTPF.g-1and catalase). Rashme cultivar has a highest dehydrogenases value of soil statistically compared to other cultivars and the total mean value of all cultivars is (116.67 µgTPF.g-1,).


Download data is not yet available.


RYAN J, Estefan G and Rashid A. 2001. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual. 2nd edition. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria.
KUMAR A. 2004. Industrial pollution and management, In, Study of correlation of physical, chemical and biological characteristics with catalase activity in industrially polluted and unpolluted soils of Warangal (D.T.) A.P. by Kumari BL and Charya MA, APH Publishing. New Delhi, pp. 134-138.
ANJANEYULU E, Ramgopal M, Narasimha G and Balaji M. 2011. Effect of pig iron slag particles on soil physico-chemical, biological and enzyme activities. Iranica J. Energy & Environment, 2(2): 161-165.
BASHOUR II and Sayegh AH. 2007. Methods of Analysis for Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
UZUN N and Uyanoz R. 2011. Determination of urease catalase activities and CO2 respiration in different soils obtained from in semi-arid region Konya, Turkey. Trends Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. J., 2(1): 1-6.
JAISWAL PC. 2003. Soil, Plant and Water Analysis. Kalyani Publisher.
PANSU M and Gautheyrou J. 2006. Handbook of Soil Analysis: Mineralogical, Organic and Inorganic Methods. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
KUSCU ISK, Mehmet C , Nurcan Y , Gamze S and Hakan S. 2018. Rwlation ship between enzyme activity (urease-catalase) and nutrient element in soil use.pol .J. Environ. Stud. Vol.27, No. 5. PP2107-2112. DIO:10.15244/pjoes/ 78475.
MARIAPPAN VN, VS Pooja, B Prabhu Dass Batvari, R Indirani. 2017. Grape cultivation and many meat approaches by Geospatial tools-areview. J Adv Res Geosci Rem Sens. 4(1&2):17-28, ISSN: 2455-3190.
ATRUSHY SM , Shayan AM and Faraidwn KA.2016.Evaluation of some seeded cultivars of grape in different location of Kurdistan-region, Iraq. Kufa journal for agricultural Sciences(279-266):8(2)
AHMED AMN, Diaa AI and Seyran PU. 2015. Invitro micropropagation of Vitis Vinifera L. In Kurdistan Reagion of Iraq.Journal of university of zakho, Vol 3(A), No1, Pp 55-66. ISSN:2410-7549.
KAPTANOGLU BERBER A.S., FARASAT S., NAMLIA. Afforestatıon Effects on Soil Biochemical Properties.Eurasian Journal of Forest Science, 1 (1), 25, 2014.

ZHAO D., LI F., WANG F. The effects of different urban land use patterns on soil microbial biomass nitrogen and enzyme activities in urban area of Beijing, China. ActaEcologicaSinica 32, 144, 2012.
Davi Lopes do Carmo,Laís Botelho de Lima,and Carlos Alberto Silva.(2016).Soil Fertility and Electrical Conductivity Affected by Organic Waste Rates and Nutrient Inputs. Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition.

Al-Rawi K.M. and A.A.M. Khalafulla. (1980). Design and analysis of agriculture experiment .univercity of Mousle ministry of high education and scientific research . Mousl.Iraq.Pp488.(In Arabic)

• Akmal, M.; Altaf, M. S.; R.; Hassan, F. U. and Islam, M. (2012). Temporal Changes in Soil Urease, Alkaline Phosphatase and Dehydrogenase Activity in Rain Fed Wheat Field of Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences. 22(2): 457-462
• Kujur, M.; Gartia, S. K. and Patel, A. K. (2012). Quantifying the Contribution of Different Soil Properties on Enzyme Activities in Dry Tropical Ecosystems. Asian Research Publishing Network Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science.7 (9): 1-10
How to Cite
Saheed, sakar, Jamal aweez, S. and Muhamad Ahmed, S. (2021) “Influence of Vitis vienefera L. Cultivars on Some Physicochemical Characters and Enzyme Activities of Soil”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(2), pp. 28-33. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.2.3.
Agricultural and Environmental Researches