Comparison Between Measured and Empirically Predicted Radio Wave Pathloss in Rural Environment

  • sevan siyyah abdulla Physics Department, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • sattar Othman hasan Physics Department, College of Education, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Keywords: Network planning: path loss: received signal strength: radio wave propagation


      In this study a comparative analysis of various empirical models for estimating radio wave propagation path losses with those measured experimentally for the rural area in Erbil city is presented. In Gazna village near the center of the Erbil city, one of the Korek telecommunication towers is selected for the purpose of comparative analysis and seven different empirical models were utilized. The implemented models are free space model, Electronic Communication Committee (ECC-33), Stanford Interim University (SUI), Optimization Cost-231, Okumura-Hata, Egli, and Ericson models. The data were collected at operating frequencies of 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz using drive test equipment with Sony-Ericson mobile phone to measure received signal strength. Generally, the analyzed results, which are based on the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) values, shows that the Egli and ECC-33 overestimated while both FSPL and Okamura-Hata are underestimated path loss values. In addition, the SUI and Optimized-Cost-231 models are providing minimum MAPE path loss values which are 0.49 and 0.55 at 1800 MHz and 0.07 and 0.16 at 2100 MHz, respectively. Therefore, in order to improve network performance and accurate estimation of financial feasibility, these two models especially SUI model can be used successfully and confidently in the design of the wireless communication system in the rural area of Erbil city in Kurdistan region of Iraq.


Download data is not yet available.


[1] Yuvraj Singh, ''Comparison Of Okumura, Hata And Cost231 Models On The Basis Of Path Loss And Signal Strenght'', International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol.59, No.11, 37-41, 2012.
[2] Akinyinka O. Akende, Folasade A. Semire, Zachaeus K. Adeyemo, ''Performance Analysis and Optimization of Cost231-Hata Model for Mobile Communication in Nigeria'' International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol.173,No.6, 2017.
[3] Omohimire P. Omolaye, Gabriel A. Igwue, Godfrey A. Akpakwu, '' Okumura-Hata: A Perfect Model For Driving Route UHF Investigation'', American Journal Of Engineering Research, Vol.4 Issue-9, 139-147, 2015.
[4] Mardeni. R, T. Siva Priya ,''Optimised Cost-231 Hata Models for WiMAX Path Loss Prediction in Suburban and Open Urban Environments'', Modern Applied Science, Vol.4, No.9, 75-89, 2010.
[5] Vivek Kamboj, D.K. Gupta, Nidhika Birla, '' Comparison of Path Loss Models for WIMAX in Rrual Environment At 3.5 GHz'', International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol.3, No.2, 2011.
[6] Akinwole B.O.H, Biebuma J. J , '' Comparative Analysis of Empirical Path Loss Model for Cellular Transmission in Rivers State'' American Journal of Engineering Research, Vol.02,Issue-08, 24-31, 2013.
[7] Purno M. Ghosh, Md. Anwar Hossain, A.F.M. Zainul Abadin, Kallol Krishna karmakar, '' Comparison Among Different Large Scale Path Loss Models for High Sites in Urban, Suburban and Rural areas'', International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE), Vol.2, Issue-2, 287-290, 2012.
[8] Purnima K Sharma , '' Comparative Study of Path Loss Models Depends on Various Parameters'', International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 3, No.6, 4683-4690, 2011.
[9] Imoize, A. L. and Oseni, A. I., '' Investigation and Pathloss Modeling of Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution Network Along Major Highways in Lagos Nigeria'', Ife Journal of Science vol. 21, No. 1, 39-60, 2019).
[10] Ilesanmi B. Oluwafemi, Oladunni J. Femi-Jemilohun, '' Suburban Area Path Loss Propagation Prediction and Optimization at 900 and 1800 MHz'', Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 9, 2521-2529, 2018.
[11] P. Akinyemi , S.O. Azi , J.S. Ojo , C.I. Abiodun,''Evaluation for suitable propagation model to mobile Communications in South-South Nigeria urban-terrain'', American Journal of Engineering Research,Vol. 4, 01-05, 2015.
[12] Imranullah Khan, Shakeel Ahmed Kamboh, '' Performance Analysis of Various Path Loss Models for Wireless Network in Different Environments'', International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Vol. 2, 161-165, 2012.
[13] Gupreet Singh Bola, Gurpreet Singh Saini,'' Path Loss Measurement and Estimation Using Different Empirical Models for Wimax in Urban Area'', International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Vol.4, 1421-1428, 2013.
[14] Jalel Chebil, Ali K. Lawas , M.D. Rafiqul Islam , '' Comparison Between Measured and Predicted Path Loss For Mobile Communication in Malasia'', World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol.21, 123-128, 2013.
[15] J. Milanovic, S. Rimac-Dirlje And K. Bejuk , '' Comparison of Propagation Model Accuracy for WiMax on 3.5GHz'', 14th IEEE International Conference on Electronic Circuits and Systems, Morocco, 2007.
[16] Purnima K. Sharma, R.K.Sing,'' Comparative Analysis of Propagation Path Loss Models With Field Measured Data'', International Journal of Enginering Science and Technology, Vol2(6), 2008-2013, 2010.
[17] Nafaa M. Shebani, Abdulati E. Mohammed , Mohammed A. Mosbah , Yousra A. Hassan,''Simulation and Analysis of Path Loss Models for WiMax Communication System'', Research Gate, 692-703, 2013.
[18] Agbotiname Lucky Imoize, Tolulope Emmanuel Ogunfuwa ,''Propagation Measurements of a 4G LTE Network in Lagoon Environment'', Nigerian Journal of Technological Development, Vol. 16, No.1, 1-9, 2018.
[19] Houcine Oudira, Lotfi Djouane and Messaoud Garah , ''Optimization of Suitable Propagation Model for Mobile Communication in Different Area'', International Journal of Information Science & Technology, Vol.3, No.3, 10-19, 2019.
[20] Yahia Zakaria, Jiri Hosek, Jiri Misurec,''Path Loss Measurements for Wireless Communication in Urban and Rural Environments'', American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2015.
[21] Mohammad Shahajahan , A. Q. M. Abdulla Hes-Shafi, ''Analysis of Propagation Models for WiMAX at 3.5 GHz'', Blekinge Institute of Technology,Sweden, 2009.
[22] Erceg V. and Greenstein L. J.,'' An Empirically Based Path Loss Model for Wireless Channels in Suburban Environments'', IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol.17, No. 7, 1205-1211, 1999.
[23] Noah Fesseha,'' Fine-Tuning of Cost 231 Hata Path Loss Model for LTE Network: The Case of 4 Kilo Area'', Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, 2018.
How to Cite
abdulla, sevan and hasan, sattar (2021) “Comparison Between Measured and Empirically Predicted Radio Wave Pathloss in Rural Environment”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(2), pp. 128-138. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.2.12.
Mathematics ,Physics and Engineering Researches