Barriers to the Adoption of Industrialized Building System in Iraqi Construction Industry
Iraq construction industry is about to experience an increasing number of new projects. With the economy slowing over the past few years, the need for residential projects and infrastructure still as priorities. Meeting these needs will be challenging, and cash out will be in high range if the construction industry still uses the conventional construction method. The significant features and factors were created based on an extensive literature review of previous research studies in developed and developing countries (68 research papers). Iraq adopted the Industrialized Building System (IBS) approach in the last decades in a few projects, some challenges stand against the continuous adoption of (IBS). Also, many studies record some challenges that prevent the application of IBS in their countries. This study paper discusses the barriers and strategies to adopt IBS in the construction industry of Iraq that are related to the importance of construction development within the context of modern building application. The methodology based on structured hypotheses that employed an online data collection and a total number of (111) questionnaire forms collected from the experts, professionals, and engineers involved in Iraq's construction industry. The questionnaire survey results addressed the barriers, and by using SPSS (statistical package for social science), the researcher correlates the presence of these barriers with hypotheses and demonstrates that the IBS adoption in Iraq suffered a lack of governmental support, money, knowledge, and expertise. Moreover, the related internal productions for successful IBS applications indicated a need to advertise and support the modern construction system by the role of public and private sectors.
Akmam Syed Zakaria, S. et al. (2018) ‘Contextual, structural and behavioural factors influencing the adoption of industrialised building systems: a review’, Architectural Engineering and Design Management. Taylor & Francis, 14(1–2), pp. 3–26. doi: 10.1080/17452007.2017.1291410.
Al-Taie, E., Al-Ansari, N. and Knutsson, S. (2014) ‘The Need to Develop a Building Code for Iraq’, Engineering, 06(10), pp. 610–632. doi: 10.4236/eng.2014.610062.
Ali, M. M. et al. (2018) ‘Factors impeding the industrialized building system (IBS) implementation of building construction in Malaysia’, International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(4), pp. 2209–2212. doi: 10.14419/ijet.v7i4.17863.
Barker, S. F. (1961) ‘On Simplicity in Empirical Hypotheses’, Philosophy of Science, 28(2), pp. 162–171. doi: 10.1086/287797.
Faghirinejadfard, A. et al. (2015) ‘ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF INDUSTRIALIZED BUILDING SYSTEM AND CONVENTIONAL CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM USING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING’, Jurnal Teknologi, 78(1), pp. 195–207. doi: 10.11113/jt.v78.4056.
Granato, J., Inglehart, R. and Leblang, D. (1996) ‘The Effect of Cultural Values on Economic Development: Theory, Hypotheses, and Some Empirical Tests’, American Journal of Political Science, 40(3), p. 607. doi: 10.2307/2111786.
Hadi, N. A., Muhamad, W. M. N. W. and Othman, M. K. F. (2017) ‘Critical factors of implementing Industrialised Building System in Sarawak: A research on SMEs’, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 67(1). doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/67/1/012006.
Hatem, Z. M. (2020) Management and Maintenance of the Welfare Facilities at Construction Sites in Iraq. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22996.96643.
Hatem, Z. M., Hamid, A. R. A. and Abba, N. (2019) ‘Factors that Leads to Poor Welfare Facilities Implementation at Construction Sites in Iraq’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 4(1), pp. 72–79.
Ibrahim, M. N. I. et al. (2020) ‘Welfare Facilities Implementation at Construction Sites in Malaysia’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 5(1), pp. 81-93 b. doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.13298810.v1.
Idris Abdul Rashid, Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, Arif Mohd Zainudin, Z. M. (2019) ‘Unethical Behaviour Among Professional in the Malaysian Construction Industry’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 4(1), pp. 126–132. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15778.99523.
Jabar, I. laili, Ismail, F. and Aziz, A. R. A. (2015) ‘Public Participation: Enhancing Public Perception towards IBS Implementation’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 168, pp. 61–69. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.210.
Mahdi, M. M. and Mawlood, D. K. (2020) ‘Challenges Facing the Implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Techniques in Iraq.’, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 32(4), pp. 48–57.
Mahdi, M. M., Wali, K. I. and Yuosif, B. A. (2020) ‘Minimizing Time and Cost in The Iraqi AEC industry by Adopting Building Information Modeling (BIM) Technique.’, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 32(6), pp. 185–196.
Mezher, R. A. (2019) Cost Deviation Management in Highway Projects. University of Technology Iraq. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22259.58409.
Mogey, N. (1999) ‘So you want to use a Likert scale’, Learning technology dissemination initiative, 25.
Mohd Amin, M. A. et al. (2017) ‘A review on the current issues and barriers of Industrialised Building System (IBS) adoption in Malaysia’s construction industry’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 271(1). doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/271/1/012031.
Nduka, D. O. et al. (2019) ‘Critical success factors (CSFs) influencing the implementation of industrialized building Systems (IBS) in Nigeria’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 640(1), pp. 0–11. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/640/1/012012.
Nor, M. et al. (2013) ‘STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF PRE-SELECTION CRITERIA FOR INDUSTRIALIZED BUILDING SYSTEM (IBS)’, Taylor & Francis, 19(SUPPL.1), pp. 131–140. doi: 10.3846/13923730.2013.801921.
Nuhu Abba, Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, Z. M. H. (2019) ‘Provision and Awareness of Welfare Facilities on Construction Sites’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 4(1), pp. 133–140. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.18295.57766.
Oleiwi, M. Q. et al. (2017) ‘Sustainability of industrialised building system for housing in Malaysia’, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability, 171(6), pp. 304–313. doi: 10.1680/jensu.16.00061.
Pitt, M. et al. (2009) ‘Towards sustainable construction: promotion and best practices’, Construction Innovation, 9(2), pp. 201–224. doi: 10.1108/14714170910950830.
Rahimian, F. P. et al. (2017) ‘Review of Motivations, Success Factors, and Barriers to the Adoption of Offsite Manufacturing in Nigeria’, Procedia Engineering. The Author(s), 196(June), pp. 512–519. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.232.
Rashid, I. A. et al. (2019) ‘Unethical Behaviour Among Professional in the Malaysian Construction Industry’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 4(1), pp. 126–132.
Sawyer, J. E. (1991) ‘Hypothesis sampling, construction, or adjustment: How are inferences about nonlinear monotonic contingencies developed?’, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 49(1), pp. 124–150. doi: 10.1016/0749-5978(91)90045-U.
Shamsuddin, S. M., Zakaria, R. and Mohamed, S. F. (2013) ‘Economic Attributes in Industrialised Building System in Malaysia’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier B.V., 105, pp. 75–84. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.11.009.
Shamsuddin, S. M., Zakaria, R. and Mohamed, S. F. (2018) ‘Economic Attributes related to Industrialised Building System in Malaysia’, Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies. e-IPH Ltd., 3(11), p. 65. doi: 10.21834/ajbes.v3i11.102.
Yunus, R., Hamid, A. R. A. and Noor, S. R. M. (2019) ‘An integrated approach for sustainability in the application of Industrialised Building System (IBS)’, International Journal of GEOMATE, 17(61), pp. 115–121. doi: 10.21660/2019.61.4810.
Zaid Mohammed Hatem, Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, N. A. (2018) ‘Factors that Leads to Poor Welfare Facilities Implementation at Construction Sites in Iraq’, Proceeding of Civil Engineering UTM, 4(1), pp. 72–79. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.35911.65448.
Copyright (c) 2021 Zaid Hatem, Mundher Alsamarraie, Alhamza Flaih, Ammar Oda
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
At Zanco Journal, we're dedicated to protecting your rights as an author, and ensuring that any and all legal information and copyright regulations are addressed. Whether an author is published with Zanco Journal or any other publisher, we hold ourselves and our colleagues to the highest standards of ethics, responsibility and legal obligation