Gardens as a Parameter of Greenery Status of Kurdistan

  • Kardo N. Kareem Horticulture Department, College of Agriculture Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Bahram K. Maulood Hawler Botanical Garden, Erbil Governorate, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Keywords: Gardens,Greenery,Landscape,Kurdistan.


    Garden history in Kurdistan may go back to more than thousands of years before century (BC). In fact, most investigations reflect that almost all known gardens in the area (Middle East), in one way or another, are either some sort of modification or adaptation of the original Kurdish design, such as (Persian or Ottoman garden as examples). Kurdish garden is also a sort of greenery in the area, on which, it's believed that the idea of hanging gardens of Babylon had depend on. In general, size and number of original Kurdish garden had continuously reduced because of many reasons throughout its history. Therefore, effect on greenery had become evident and obvious in this part of the world. The original shape, landscape design and composition of Kurdish garden could still be traced and might be found, in fact, investigations by using heritage, photos, leftover, even though tails and stories is quite possible to trace it and re-establish such garden particularly in country sides of upland and lowland parts of Kurdistan. The present work may be regarded as a first attempt to establish the status of Kurdish garden at present in contrast to the past. Its effect on greenery in the area will also be discussed.


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How to Cite
N. Kareem, K. and K. Maulood, B. (2021) “Gardens as a Parameter of Greenery Status of Kurdistan”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(s1), pp. 11-18. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.s1.2.