• SAKINA. MOHAMMED OMER MOHAMMED Dept. of Agribusiness and Rural Development, College of Agricultural Sciences Engineering. University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • ALDOSKY .ABID ALI HASSAN Dept. of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences. University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Keywords: training, Extension training, Extension training problems.


      The aim of this study was to determine the extension training problems in many aspects, and to arrange the extension training problems in each aspect. The research involved 148 trainees who participated in training courses in all governorates in Kurdistan region during the period of 1st January 2013 – 30th December 2017). The data was collected through personal interviews; questionnaire was prepared for this purpose. To confirm the validity the questionnaire was reviewed by some experts. The reliability coefficient was evaluated by Cronbach's Alpha coefficient, and its value was (0.93). The results showed that the level of the extension training problem of respondents was medium tending to high, and the extension workers problem occupied the first rank, giving the relative importance (57.26%). While the planning and evaluation problem occupied the last rank, recording the relative importance (51.59%). The results showed that the problem statements of (lack appointments, insufficient financial resources to spend on farmers, lack of demonstration, administrative routines, lack of budget for the implementation, dependency on central planning and not taking into account the needs and problems of farmers) occupied the first rank among statements of each aspects The researcher recommended to work to reduce the problems which confront of training extension in each aspects, through preparation and provide the possibilities and equipment to extension training courses, work to providing specialists in agricultural extension through appointment new graduates, increasing incentives and budget for the implementation of training courses, as well as avoid routine, training programs of the agricultural extension departments have to focus on activating the training efforts according to the scientific principles of planning, execution and evaluation, increase the demonstration fields, decrease related administrative routine for training activities.  


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How to Cite
OMER MOHAMMED, S. M. and .ABID ALI HASSAN, A. (2021) “AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION TRAINING PROBLEMS IN KURDISTAN REGION/IRAQ DURING THE PERIOD OF (2013 –2017) FROM THE TRAINEES’ POINT OF VIEW”, Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 33(s1), pp. 76-85. doi: 10.21271/ZJPAS.33.s1.8.